Volume 29 Issue 3
Mar.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Niggli Urs, Wang-Müller Qiyan, Willer Helga, Fuchs Jacques. Innovation in agroecological and organic farming systems[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(3): 423-430. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200469
Citation: Niggli Urs, Wang-Müller Qiyan, Willer Helga, Fuchs Jacques. Innovation in agroecological and organic farming systems[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(3): 423-430. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200469

Innovation in agroecological and organic farming systems

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200469
More Information
  • In light of major ongoing environmental damage and the destruction of natural resources, developing a truly sustainable mode of agricultural production is of great importance. Among different ways to reduce trade-offs between ecological sustainability and productivity, we present the approaches taken by agro-ecological and organic farmers. Both fall within the narrative of ecological intensification. According to finding of many previous scientific meta-analyses, both have a great potential to reduce environmental pollution. However, these very positive effects unfortunately result in lower yields. These could be compensated for by changing people's eating habits (e.g. less food waste, less meat consumption from concentrate-fed livestock). However, since global developments and trends are moving in exactly the opposite direction, this paper examines the possibilities of improving the yields of low-input farming systems through scientific research and the outlook for finding new productive solutions. Here we outline the significant potential in the redesign and differentiation of farms and fields including landscapes, in digitalization, the promotion of low-input breeding programs, high quality recycling of organic matter, and non-chemical crop protection.
  • loading
  • ALEXANDRATOS N, BRUINSMA J. 2012. World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision[R]. FAO, Rome
    ALTIERI M A, FARRELL J G, HECHT S B, et al. 1996. Agroecology: the Science of Sustainable Agriculture[M]. 2nd ed. Westview Press. Boulder, USA
    ANTONIOU N, MONLAU F, SAMBUSITI C, et al. 2019. Contribution to Circular Economy options of mixed agricultural wastes management: Coupling anaerobic digestion with gasification for enhanced energy and material recovery[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 209: 505-514 doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.055
    ARMENGOT L, BARBIERI P, ANDRES C, et al. 2016. Cacao agroforestry systems have higher return on labor compared to full-sun monocultures[J]. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 36(4): 70 doi: 10.1007/s13593-016-0406-6
    AZIM K, SOUDI B, BOUKHARI S, et al. 2018. Composting parameters and compost quality: a literature review[J]. Organic agriculture, 8(2): 141-158 doi: 10.1007/s13165-017-0180-z
    BEKCHANOV M, MIRZABAEV A. 2018. Circular economy of composting in Sri Lanka: Opportunities and challenges for reducing waste related pollution and improving soil health[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 202: 1107-1119 doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.08.186
    BONANOMI G, LORITO M, VINALE F, et al. 2018. Organic amendments, beneficial microbes, and soil microbiota: toward a unified framework for disease suppression[J]. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 56: 1-20 doi: 10.1146/annurev-phyto-080615-100046
    BORRELLO M, CARACCIOLO F, LOMBARDI A, et al. 2017. Consumers' perspective on circular economy strategy for reducing food waste[J]. Sustainability, 9(1): 141 doi: 10.3390/su9010141
    BURNEY J A, DAVIS S J, LOBELL D B. 2010. Greenhouse gas mitigation by agricultural intensification[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(26): 12052-12057 doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914216107
    CHAPAGAIN T, PUDASAINI R, GHIMIRE B, et al. 2018. Intercropping of maize, millet, mustard, wheat and ginger increased land productivity and potential economic returns for smallholder terrace farmers in Nepal[J]. Field Crops Research, 227: 91-101 doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2018.07.016
    DE SCHUTTER O. 2010. Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the right of food, Oliver de Schutter[R/OL]. (2020-12-17). https://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/food/docs/a-hrc-16-49.pdf
    European Commission. 2019. A European Green Deal[EB/OL]. https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en
    FAO. 2018. FAO's Work on Agroecology-A Pathway to Achieving the SDGs[R/OL]. http://www.fao.org/3/i9021en/I9021EN.pdf
    FILHO F H I, HELDENS W B, KONG Z D, et al. 2020. Drones: Innovative technology for use in precision pest management[J]. Journal of Economic Entomology, 113(1): 1-25 doi: 10.1093/jee/toz268
    FUCHS J F, BERNER A, MAYER J, et al. 2014. Concept for quality management to secure the benefits of compost use for soil and plants[J]. Acta Horticulture, 1018: 603-609 http://smartsearch.nstl.gov.cn/paper_detail.html?id=0faa3d1721a0cb180f34a837b0c54a02
    FUCHS J. 2010. Interactions between beneficial and harmful microorganisms: from the composting process to compost application[M]//INSAM H, FRANKE-WHITTLE I, GOBERNA M, eds. Microbes at Work: From Wastes to Resources. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 213-229
    GARNETT T, APPLEBY M C, BALMFORD A, et al. 2013. Sustainable intensification in agriculture: Premises and policies[J]. Science, 341(6141): 33-34 doi: 10.1126/science.1234485
    GLIESSMAN S R. 2006. Agroecology: the Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems[M]. 3rd ed. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. London & New York
    HLPE, 2019. Agroecological and Other Innovative Approaches for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems that Enhance Food Security and Nutrition[R]. Rome
    JUN H, XIANG H. 2011. Development of circular economy is a fundamental way to achieve agriculture sustainable development in China[J]. Energy Procedia, 5: 1530-1534 doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.03.262
    KOCH E, HERZ A, KLEESPIES R G, et al. 2019. Statusbericht Biologsicher Pflanzenschutz 2018[R]. Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen, Institut für Biologischen Pflanzenschutz, Quedlinburg
    LA VIA CAMPESINA. 2018. Report of the 7th Conference[R/OL]. https://viacampesina.org/en
    MASULLO A. 2017. Organic wastes management in a circular economy approach: Rebuilding the link between urban and rural areas[J]. Ecological Engineering, 101: 84-90 doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.01.005
    MEEMKEN E-M, QAIM M. 2018. Organic agriculture, food security, and the environment[J]. Annual Review of Resource Economics, 10: 39-63 doi: 10.1146/annurev-resource-100517-023252
    MÜLLER A, SCHADER C, SCIALABBA N E H, et al. 2017. Strategies for feeding the world more sustainably with organic agriculture[J]. Nature Communications, 8: 1290 doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01410-w
    NIGGLI U. 2015. Incorporating agroecology into organic research-an ongoing challenge[J]. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 4(3): 149-157 doi: 10.5539/sar.v4n3p149
    NOBLE R, COVENTRY E. 2005. Suppression of soil-borne plant diseases with composts: A review[J]. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 15: 3-20 doi: 10.1080/09583150400015904
    OECD. 2003. Glossary of Statistical Terms[R/OL]. https://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=81
    PARMENTIER S. 2014. Scaling-up Agroecological Approaches: What, Why and How?[R]. Oxfam-Solidarity, Belgium
    PAWELCZYK A. 2005. EU policy and legislation on recycling of organic waste to agriculture[J]. International Society for Animal Hygiene, 1: 64-71
    PERGOLA M, PERSIANI A, PALESE A M, et al. 2018. Composting: The way for a sustainable agriculture[J]. Applied Soil Ecology, 123: 744-750 doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.10.016
    PRETTY J, BENTON T G, BHARUCHA Z P, et al. 2018. Global assessment for agricultural system redesign for sustainable intensification[J]. Nature Sustainability, 1(8): 441-446 doi: 10.1038/s41893-018-0114-0
    ROSSET P M, SOSA B M, ROQUE JAIME A M, et al. 2011. The Campesino-to-Campesino agroecology movement of ANAP in Cuba: social process methodology in the construction of sustainable peasant agriculture and food sovereignty[J]. The Journal of PEASANT STUDIES, 38(1): 161-191 doi: 10.1080/03066150.2010.538584
    SAVARY S, WILLOCQUET L, PETHYBRIDGE S J, et al. 2019. The global burden of pathogens and pests on major food crops[J]. Nature Ecology & Evolution: 3(3): 430-439 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30718852
    SCHADER C, MULLER A, SCIALABBA N E, et al. 2015. Impacts of feeding less food-competing feedstuffs to livestock on global food system sustainability[J]. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 12(113): 1-12 http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4707862/
    SEUFERT V, RAMANKUTTY N. 2017. Many shades of gray—The context-dependent performance of organic agriculture[J]. Science Advances, 3(3): e1602638 doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1602638
    STEFFEN W, RICHARDSON K, ROCKSTRÖM J, et al. 2015. Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet[J]. Science, 347(6223): 1259855 doi: 10.1126/science.1259855
    TISCHLER W. 1965. Agrarökologie[M]. Jena, Germany: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 499
    TITS M, ELSEN A, BRIES J, et al. 2014. Short-term and long-term effects of vegetable, fruit and garden waste compost applications in an arable crop rotation in Flanders[J]. Plant and Soil, 376: 43-59 doi: 10.1007/s11104-012-1318-0
    TITTONELL P. 2014. Ecological intensification of agriculture—sustainable by nature[J]. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 8: 53-61 doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2014.08.006
    TOOP T A, WARD S, OLDFIELD T, et al. 2017. AgroCycle—developing a circular economy in agriculture[J]. Energy Procedia, 123: 76-80 doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.269
    TWN, SOCLA. 2015. Agroecology: Key Concepts, Principles and Practices[R/OL]. SOCLA, Berkeley, USA. https://foodfirst.org/agroecology-key-concepts-principles-and-practices/
    WEITHMANN N, MÖLLER J N, LÖDER M G J, et al. 2018. Organic fertilizer as a vehicle for the entry of microplastic into the environment[J]. Science Advances, 4(4): eaap8060 doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aap8060
    WEZEL A, BELLON S, DORÉ T, et al. 2009. Agroecology as a science, a movement and a practice. A review[J]. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 29(4): 503-515 doi: 10.1051/agro/2009004
    WILLER H, SCHLATTER B, TRÁVNÍČEK J, et al. 2020. The World of Organic Agriculture Statistics and Emerging Trends 2020[M/OL]. https://www.fibl.org/fileadmin/documents/shop/5011-organic-world-2020.pdf
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (851) PDF downloads(878) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint