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黄土高原绿肥填闲种植的水分与产量效应:Meta分析

张少宏 王俊 RajanGhimire 邢文超 胡映明 张南南

张少宏, 王俊, RajanGhimire, 邢文超, 胡映明, 张南南. 黄土高原绿肥填闲种植的水分与产量效应:Meta分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 30(0): 1−14 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210243
引用本文: 张少宏, 王俊, RajanGhimire, 邢文超, 胡映明, 张南南. 黄土高原绿肥填闲种植的水分与产量效应:Meta分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 30(0): 1−14 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210243
ZHANG S H, WANG J, RAJAN Ghimire, XING W C, HU Y M, ZHANG N N. Effect of green manure on soil water and crop yield in the Loess Plateau of China: A Meta-analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 30(0): 1−14 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210243
Citation: ZHANG S H, WANG J, RAJAN Ghimire, XING W C, HU Y M, ZHANG N N. Effect of green manure on soil water and crop yield in the Loess Plateau of China: A Meta-analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 30(0): 1−14 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210243

黄土高原绿肥填闲种植的水分与产量效应:Meta分析

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210243
基金项目: 中国科学院“西部之光”西部引进人才项目、国家自然科学基金(31570440)、陕西省国际科技合作与交流计划重点项目(2020KWZ-010)和陕西省农业科技创新驱动项目(NYKJ-2021-XA-005)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张少宏, 主要研究方向为农田土壤水分研究。E-mail: 864646641@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    王俊, 主要研究方向为农田生态系统可持续管理研究。E-mail: wangj@nwu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S152.7;S55

Effect of green manure on soil water and crop yield in the Loess Plateau of China: A Meta-analysis

Funds: This study was supported by the Chinese Academy of Science “Light of West China” Program for Introduced Talent in the West, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31570440), and the Key International Scientific and Technological Cooperation and Exchange Project of Shaanxi Province (2020KWZ-010), and Shaanxi Agricultural Science & Technology Innovation-driven Project (NYKJ-2021-XA-005)
More Information
  • 摘要: 绿肥填闲种植是黄土高原旱作农业区一项历史悠久的种植方式, 但受降水资源限制, 绿肥种植可能会增加土壤水分消耗, 进而影响后茬粮食作物的产量。本研究基于46篇黄土高原绿肥相关文献数据, 采用整合分析(Meta-analysis)方法探究绿肥种植对休闲期降水储存效率(PSE)、粮食作物播种时土壤储水量(SWSP)、粮食作物产量、蒸散量(ET)和水分利用效率(WUE)的影响。结果表明, 与裸地休闲相比, 绿肥种植系统PSE、SWSP和ET分别降低了28.28%、4.93%和2.51% (P<0.05), 而后茬粮食作物产量和WUE平均提高了2.37%和8.97% (P<0.05)。绿肥填闲种植的水分和产量效应随绿肥翻压至后茬粮食作物播种间隔时间、绿肥生物量以及气候条件而发生变化。PSE、SWSP和后茬粮食作物产量随豆科绿肥翻压至后茬粮食作物播种间隔时间的延长均呈先增加后减少变化, 指标的效应量(response ratio, RR)均在间隔时间约13 d时各达最大。后茬粮食作物产量和WUE的RR与豆科绿肥生物量之间存在二项式相关, 并分别在绿肥生物量为2200 kg·hm−2和3100 kg·hm−2左右时达最大。以总体来看, 黄土高原地区种植绿肥虽然降低了土壤水分, 但对后茬粮食作物产量形成和水分利用具有显著的促进作用, 提前13 d左右进行绿肥翻压、控制豆科绿肥生物量在2200~3100 kg·hm−2能够有效减缓对土壤水分的负面影响。
  • 图  1  数据来源的试验地点分布

    Figure  1.  Distribution of the experimental sites from which data was collected for the meta-analysis

    图  2  绿肥种植对休闲期降水储存效率(a)和后茬粮食作物播种时土壤储水量(b)的影响

    Figure  2.  Response ratios of planting green manure compared to no green manure on precipitation storage efficiency during the fallow period (a) and soil water storage at succeeding crop planting (b)

    图  3  休闲期降水储存效率(a)和后茬粮食作物播种时土壤贮水量(b)的效应量与翻压绿肥至后茬粮食作物播种间隔天数的关系

    Figure  3.  Relationship between the response ratios of green manure compared to no green manure on precipitation storage efficiency during the fallow period (a) and soil water storage at succeeding crop planting (b) and the interval between green manure termination and planting of succeeding crop

    图  4  休闲期降水储存效率(a)和后茬粮食作物播种时土壤贮水量(b)的效应量与休闲期降水量的关系

    Figure  4.  Relationship between the response ratio of green manure compared to no green manure on precipitation storage efficiency during the fallow period (a), soil water storage at succeeding crop planting (b) and precipitation during the fallow period

    图  5  绿肥种植对后茬粮食作物产量(a)、蒸散量(b)和水分利用效率(c)的影响

    Figure  5.  Response ratio of planting green manure compared to no green manure on succeeding crop yield (a), succeeding crop evapotranspiration (b), and water-use efficiency (c)

    图  6  后茬粮食作物产量的效应量与翻压绿肥至后茬粮食作物播种间隔天数(a)和绿肥作物生物量(b)的关系

    Figure  6.  Relationships between the response ratio of green manure compared to no green manure on succeeding crop yield and the interval between green manure termination and planting of succeeding crop (a), and green manure biomass (b)

    图  7  蒸散量(a)和水分利用效率(b)的效应量与绿肥作物生物量的关系

    Figure  7.  Relationships between the response ratio of green manure compared to no green manure on succeeding crop evapotranspiration (a) and water-use efficiency (b) and green manure biomass

    表  1  休闲期降水储存效率、后茬粮食作物播种时土壤储水量及后茬粮食作物产量、蒸散量和水分利用效率的数据异质性分析

    Table  1.   Data heterogeneity for precipitation storage efficiency during the fallow period, soil water storage at succeeding crop planting, succeeding crop yield, evapotranspiration, and water-use efficiency

    变量
    Variables
    分组
    Categorical group
    总异质性
    Total heterogeneity
    组间异质性
    Heterogeneity between-group
    组内异质性
    Heterogeneity within-group
    组间P
    P value among groups
    休闲期降水储存效率
    Precipitation storage efficiency during the fallow period
    绿肥作物类型
    Green manure species
    70.422.6267.810.139
    年均降水
    Mean annual precipitation
    年均气温
    Mean annual temperature
    土壤初始有机碳
    Initial soil organic carbon
    74.288.2866.000.012
    粮食作物播种时土壤储水量
    Soil water storage at succeeding crop planting
    绿肥作物类型
    Green manure species
    221.690.18221.690.656
    年均降水
    Mean annual precipitation
    229.2110.85218.360.019
    年均气温
    Mean annual temperature
    226.136.33219.800.021
    土壤初始有机碳
    Initial soil organic carbon
    228.5610.44218.120.037
    后茬粮食作物产量
    Succeeding crop yield
    绿肥作物类型
    Green manure species
    347.575.24342.330.020
    年均降水
    Mean annual precipitation
    355.569.94345.620.013
    年均气温
    Mean annual temperature
    346.091.84344.250.169
    土壤初始有机碳
    Initial soil organic carbon
    358.978.09350.870.016
    蒸散量
    Succeeding crop evapotranspiration
    绿肥作物类型
    Green manure species
    106.520.0002106.520.988
    年均降水
    Mean annual precipitation
    109.513.13106.380.235
    年均气温
    Mean annual temperature
    108.571.58107.000.202
    土壤初始有机碳
    Initial soil organic carbon
    106.321.35104.960.523
    水分利用效率
    Succeeding crop water-use efficiency
    绿肥作物类型
    Green manure species
    80.331.9478.390.163
    年均降水
    Mean annual precipitation
    83.645.6178.030.054
    年均气温
    Mean annual temperature
    82.773.3079.480.077
    土壤初始有机碳
    Initial soil organic carbon
    77.60.2477.360.888
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  休闲期降水储存效率、后茬粮食作物播种时土壤储水量及后茬粮食作物产量、蒸散量和水分利用效率的数据分布(高斯)及发表偏倚性检验结果

    Table  2.   Data distribution (Gaussian test) and publication bias for precipitation storage efficiency during the fallow period, soil water storage at succeeding crop planting, succeeding crop yield, evapotranspiration and water-use efficiency

    变量
    Variables
    观察组数(n)
    Number of observation
    (n)
    正态分布(P值)
    Fitted Gaussian distribution
    (P value)
    失安全系数(N)
    Fail-safe number
    (N)
    “Rank-order Correlation” P
    P value for Rank-order correlation
    休闲期降水储存效率
    Precipitation storage efficiency during
    the fallow period
    60<0.0114150.1847
    粮食作物播种时土壤储水量
    Soil water storage at succeeding crop planting
    202<0.00152820.1388
    后茬粮食作物产量
    Succeeding crop yield
    368<0.0012220.7811
    蒸散量
    Succeeding crop evapotranspiration
    97<0.011810.1964
    水分利用效率
    Succeeding crop water-use efficiency
    84<0.035990.5819
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-28
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