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基于改进TPB框架的新型农业经营主体绿色生产决策机制研究

赵晓颖 郑军 张明月 李画画

赵晓颖, 郑军, 张明月, 李画画. 基于改进TPB框架的新型农业经营主体绿色生产决策机制研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1636−1648 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210215
引用本文: 赵晓颖, 郑军, 张明月, 李画画. 基于改进TPB框架的新型农业经营主体绿色生产决策机制研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1636−1648 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210215
ZHAO X Y, ZHENG J, ZHANG M Y, LI H H. Mechanism of green production decision-making under the improved theory of planned behavior framework for new agrarian business entities[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1636−1648 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210215
Citation: ZHAO X Y, ZHENG J, ZHANG M Y, LI H H. Mechanism of green production decision-making under the improved theory of planned behavior framework for new agrarian business entities[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1636−1648 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210215

基于改进TPB框架的新型农业经营主体绿色生产决策机制研究

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210215
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金项目(19BGL160)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵晓颖, 主要研究方向为农业资源与环境保护。E-mail: muandshuiping@163.com

    通讯作者:

    郑军, 主要研究方向为农业资源与环境保护。E-mail: 434614337@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: F323.3

Mechanism of green production decision-making under the improved theory of planned behavior framework for new agrarian business entities

Funds: This study was supported by the National Social Science Foundation of China (19BGL160)
More Information
  • 摘要: 面对传统小农经营方式无法满足农业可持续发展的现实困境, 激励新型农业经营主体从事绿色生产具有重要研究价值和时代意义。本文在计划行为理论(TPB)基础上, 构建“外部环境→内在认知→行为意向→行为实施”的绿色生产决策机制框架, 并利用山东省293家蔬菜家庭农场的微观数据进行了实证检验。结果显示: 1)从作用机制来看, 外部环境通过内在认知和行为意向的中介作用对行为实施产生影响, 相关假设均通过显著性检验, 决策模型具有较好的解释力。2)从影响效应来看, 市场激励、政府规制、行为态度、控制认知和行为意向对行为实施的影响效应分别为0.393、0.177、0.260、0.423和0.296, 总体来看, 市场激励和控制认知2类因素的影响效应最大, 其次为行为态度。3)从因素载荷来看, 产业合作和消费需求、生态补偿和技术培训、经济价值认知和行为障碍感知, 分别是形成市场激励、政府规制、行为态度和控制认知的关键因素。4)从组群分析来看, 不同规模和不同代际的家庭农场, 其绿色生产决策机制有一定差异性。应从培育市场环境、降低禀赋约束、立足经济导向和坚持分类施策等方面引导家庭农场的绿色生产转型。
  • 图  1  市场激励、政府规制条件下家庭农场绿色生产行为决策机制的理论模型

    Figure  1.  Theoretical model of decision-making mechanism for green production behavior of family farms under the conditions of market incentives and government regulation

    图  2  蔬菜家庭农场绿色生产决策模型的路径及估计参数结果

    **、***分别表示在P<5%和P<1%水平显著。

    Figure  2.  Path and estimated parameter results of the green production decision-making model for vegetable family farms

    ** and *** indicate significance at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.

    表  1  家庭农场绿色生产决策模型相关变量定义及描述性统计分析结果

    Table  1.   Variable definition and descriptive statistical analysis results of family farm green production in decision-making model

    潜变量
    Latent variable
    维度
    Dimension
    测量题项
    Measurement item
    均值
    Mean value
    标准差
    Standard deviation
    行为态度
    Attitude
    (ATT)
    经济价值
    Economic value
    我认为绿色生产能增加蔬菜种植收入(ATT1)
    I think green production can increase income from vegetable production. (ATT1)
    3.65 1.077
    生态价值
    Ecological value
    我认为绿色生产能减少环境污染和健康风险(ATT2)
    I think green production can reduce environmental pollution and health risks. (ATT2)
    4.34 0.948
    声誉价值
    Reputation value
    我认为绿色生产是提高农场声誉的途径(ATT3)
    I think green production is the way to improve the reputation of the farm. (ATT3)
    3.89 0.951
    控制认知
    Personal behavior control
    (PBC)
    生产认知
    Production cognition
    我了解蔬菜绿色生产的过程和技术手段(PBC1)
    I understand the green vegetable production process and technical means. (PBC1)
    3.25 0.992
    障碍感知
    Obstacle perception
    我认为农场的信息、资金、劳动力条件符合绿色生产要求(PBC2)
    I think the information, capital and labor conditions of the farm meet the requirements of green production. (PBC2)
    3.18 1.075
    控制评价
    Control evaluation
    我有能力承受绿色生产的技术风险(PBC3)
    I have the ability to bear the technical risk of green production. (PBC3)
    3.40 1.088
    市场激励
    Market incentives
    (MI)
    消费需求
    Consumer demand
    消费者对绿色蔬菜需求量大(MI1)
    Consumers have a large demand for green vegetables. (MI1)
    3.38 1.030
    产业合作
    Industrial cooperation
    合作社或企业对农场提供绿色生产支持(MI2)
    Cooperatives or enterprises provides green production support for farms. (MI2)
    3.04 0.993
    检测追溯
    Testing and tracing
    下游收购商的质量检测和产品追溯严格(MI3)
    Downstream purchasers have strict quality inspection and product traceability. (MI3)
    2.93 1.091
    同行影响
    Peer influence
    其他种植蔬菜的农场(户)都逐渐向绿色生产转型(MI4)
    Other farm(er)s growing vegetables are gradually transforming to green production. (MI4)
    3.19 1.005
    政府规制
    Government regulation
    (GR)
    宣传引导
    Propaganda and guidance
    政府重视对绿色生产方式的宣传引导(GR1)
    The government attaches importance to the publicity and guidance of green production mode. (GR1)
    3.49 1.039
    技术培训
    Technical training
    政府经常提供绿色生产方式的技术培训(GR2)
    The government often provides technical training for green production mode. (GR2)
    3.55 0.945
    生态补贴
    Ecological subsidy
    政府对绿色投入品、高效设备和生产服务的补贴力度大(GR3)
    Government subsidies for green inputs, efficient equipment and production services are high. (GR3)
    3.35 0.946
    法规约束
    Regulatory constraints
    政府法律法规对农场对化学品施用、废弃物回收约束力大(GR4)
    Government laws and regulations have great binding force on chemical application and waste recycling. (GR4)
    3.41 0.971
    行为意向
    Behavioral intention
    (BI)
    产前投入
    Preplant investment
    蔬菜种植过程中, 我愿意投入绿色环保品(BI1)
    In the process of vegetable planting, I am willing to invest in green products. (BI1)
    3.61 1.103
    产中管理
    Management in production
    蔬菜种植过程中, 我愿意采纳高效药肥管理方式(BI2)
    In the process of vegetable planting, I am willing to adopt high-efficiency medicine and fertilizer management. (BI2)
    3.47 1.093
    产后处置
    Postproduction treatment
    蔬菜种植过程中, 我愿意清理及回收利用废弃物(BI3)
    In the process of vegetable planting, I am willing to clean up and recycle waste. (BI3)
    3.21 1.135
    行为实施
    Behavior
    (BH)
    产前投入
    Preplant investment
    ①使用高毒农药1)=0; 使用常规农药=0.5; 使用绿色农药=1。②全部使用化肥=0; 有机肥施用量2)<22 500 kg∙hm−2=0.5; 有机肥施用量≥22 500 kg∙hm−2=1。③地膜厚度3)<0.005 mm=0; 地膜厚度[0.005~0.01 mm)=0.5; 地膜厚度≥0.1 mm=1。根据①、②和③计算平均分。(BH1)
    ① Using high toxic pesticides1)=0; using conventional pesticides=0.5; using green pesticides=1. ② Using chemical fertilizer only=0; application amount of organic fertilizer2)<22 500 kg∙hm−2=0.5; the application amount of organic fertilizer≥22 500 kg∙hm−2=1. ③ Film thickness3)<0.005 mm=0; film thickness [0.005−0.01 mm)=0.5; film thickness≥0.1 mm=1. The score is the average of ①, ② and ③. (BH1)
    1.99 0.568
    产中管理
    Management in production
    ①不采纳测土配方和绿色防控技术=0; 采纳其中1种=0.5; 采纳2种=1。②无农药和化肥使用记录=0; 有其中1种=0.5; 有2种=1。③不使用水肥一体化或无人机等高效施药设备=0; 使用其中1种=0.5; 使用2种=1。根据①、②和③计算平均分。(BH2)
    ① Not adopting soil testing formula and green prevention and control technology=0; adopting one of them=0.5; adopting two=1. ② No record of pesticide and chemical fertilizer use=0; one of them=0.5; two of them=1. ③ Not use high-efficiency spraying equipment such as water fertilizer integration or UAV=0; use one of them=0.5; use two of them=1. The score is average of ①, ② and ③. (BH2)
    2.01 0.553
    产后处置
    Postproduction treatment
    ①地膜焚烧、填埋或弃置田间=0; 地膜清理至固定地点4)=0.5; 地膜回收=1。②药肥包装焚烧、填埋或弃置田间=0; 包装清理至固定地点=0.5; 包装回收=1。③蔬菜秸秆焚烧、填埋或弃置田间=0; 秸秆清理至固定地点=0.5; 秸秆资源化利用=1
    根据①、②和③计算平均分(BH3)。
    ① Burning, burying or abandoning plastic film in field=0; cleaning plastic film to fixed place4)=0.5; recycling plastic film=1. ② Burning, landfilling or abandoning the fertilizer package in the field=0; cleaning the package to a fixed place=0.5; recycling the package=1. ③ Burning, burying or abandoning of vegetable straw in the field=0; cleaning the straw to a fixed place=0.5; straw resource utilization=1. The score is the average of ①, ② and ③. (BH3)
    1.95 0.565
      1)高毒农药指禁止在蔬菜中使用的农药; 绿色农药指A级绿色蔬菜生产中允许使用的农药; 常规农药指除高毒和绿色农药外其他农药。2)据专家建议, 如果使蔬菜地土壤有机质提升, 有机肥施用量投入22 500 kg∙hm−2。3)2017的新国标要求地膜厚度不得小于0.01 mm, 0.005 mm及以下为超薄地膜。4)将地膜、包装、秸秆等废弃物带回家中或放置垃圾箱视为清理至固定地点。1) High toxic pesticides refer to the pesticides prohibited to be used in vegetables; green pesticides refer to the pesticides allowed to be used in the production of A-class green vegetables; conventional pesticides refer to other pesticides except high toxic and green pesticides. 2) According to experts, if the organic matter of vegetable soil is improved, at least 22 500 kg of organic fertilizer should be input per hectare..3) The new national standard of 2017 requires that the film thickness should not be less than 0.01 mm, and 0.005 mm and below are ultra-thin films. 4) In this paper, plastic film, packaging, straw and other wastes are taken home or placed in dustbin as cleaning to a fixed place.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  蔬菜家庭农场绿色生产决策模型各题项的信度及效度检验

    Table  2.   Reliability and validity test of each item of green production decision-making model for vegetable family farms

    潜变量
    Latent variable
    测量题项
    Measurement item
    因素负荷量
    Factor load
    题目信度
    Squared multiple correlation (SMC)
    组合信度
    Combination reliability (CR)
    平均变异萃取量
    Average variation extraction (AVE)
    行为态度
    Attitude
    (ATT)
    ATT10.6980.5750.7250.468
    ATT20.7210.331
    ATT30.6300.426
    控制认知
    Personal behavior
    control (PBC)
    PBC10.5750.4870.7020.444
    PBC20.7580.520
    PBC30.6530.397
    市场激励
    Market incentives (MI)
    MI10.7330.5370.8150.525
    MI20.7690.591
    MI30.6970.486
    MI40.6970.486
    政府规制
    Government regulation
    (GR)
    GR10.6940.4820.8150.526
    GR20.7710.594
    GR30.7770.604
    GR40.6520.425
    行为意向
    Behavioral intention
    (BI)
    BI10.8590.7380.8980.748
    BI20.9490.901
    BI30.7780.605
    行为实施
    Behavior (BH)
    BH10.8780.5630.8930.737
    BH20.9370.878
    BH30.7500.771
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  蔬菜家庭农场绿色生产决策模型的整体适配度检验

    Table  3.   Overall fitness test of green production decision-making model for vegetable family farms

    统计检验指标
    Statistical test index
    绝对适配度指标
    Absolute fitness index
    增值适配度指标
    Value-added fitness index
    精简适配度指标
    Streamlined fitness index
    x2/dfRMSEAGIFAGIFTLIIFICFIPNFIPCFI
    模型估计值
    Model estimate
    2.0360.0600.9000.8680.9300.9420.9410.7510.793
    判断标准
    Judgment criteria
    <3<0.8>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.9>0.5>0.5
    检验结果 Result理想 Ideal理想 Ideal可接受 Acceptable可接受 Acceptable理想 Ideal理想 Ideal理想 Ideal理想 Ideal理想 Ideal
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  蔬菜家庭农场绿色生产决策模型的假说验证与路径系数

    Table  4.   Hypothesis verification and path coefficients of green production decision-making model for vegetable family farms

    路径假设
    Path hypothesis
    非标准化估计系数
    Nonstandard estimation coefficient
    标准化估计系数
    Standardized estimation coefficient
    C.R.(t值)
    Combination reliability (t-value)
    BI←ATT0.236**0.1711.969
    BH←ATT0.131***0.2142.644
    BI←PBC0.690***0.3164.232
    BH←PBC0.244***0.3983.512
    ATT←MI0.450***0.4844.848
    PBC←MI0.467***0.6326.025
    ATT←GR0.223***0.2352.564
    PBC←GR0.206***0.2733.137
    BH←BI0.120***0.2694.161
      **、***分别表示在P<5%和P<1%水平显著; 非标准估计系数表示自变量改变1个单位时, 因变量或中间变量的改变量; 标准化估计系数表示自变量改变1个标准差时, 因变量或中间变量的改变量。** and *** indicate significance at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively. The nonstandard estimation coefficient represents the change of dependent variable or intermediate variable when the independent variable changes one unit; the standardized estimation coefficient represents the change of dependent variable or intermediate variable when the independent variable changes one standard deviation.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  蔬菜家庭农场绿色生产决策模型各潜变量对行为实施的直接效应、间接效应和总效应

    Table  5.   Direct effect, indirect effect and total effect of each latent variable on behavior implementation in green production decision model of vegetable family farms

    路径假设
    Path hypothesis
    直接效应
    Direct effect
    间接效应
    Indirect effect
    总效应
    Total effect
    BH←ATT0.2140.0460.260
    BH←PBC0.3160.1070.423
    BH←GR0.1770.177
    BH←MI0.3930.393
    BH←BI0.2690.269
    表内数据为标准化估计系数。The data in the table are standardized estimation coefficients.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同组群蔬菜家庭农场绿色生产决策模型的估计结果

    Table  6.   Estimated results of green production decision-making model of vegetable family farms in different groups

    路径假设
    Path hypothesis
    代际差异 Intergenerational difference规模差异 Scale difference
    新一代(年龄<48岁)
    New generation (<48)
    老一代(年龄≥48岁)
    Older generation (≥48)
    小型农场(<6 hm2)
    Small farm (<6 hm2)
    大型农场(≥6 hm2)
    Large scale farm (≥6 hm2)
    BI←ATT0.459***0.0760.0240.342***
    BH←ATT0.304**0.279**0.232*0.139
    BI←PBC0.191*0.414***0.536***0.213*
    BH←PBC0.235**0.262**0.412***0.267**
    ATT←MI0.59***0.478***0.563***0.335**
    PBC←MI0.574***0.647***0.689***0.522***
    ATT←GR0.217*0.225*0.1880.395***
    PBC←GR0.226*0.305**0.264**0.360**
    BH←BI0.266***0.273***0.1380.402***
      *、**、***分别表示在P<0.1、P<0.05和P<0.01水平显著; 表内数据为标准化估计系数。*, ** and *** indicate significance at P<0.1, P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively. The data in the table are standardized estimation coefficients.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-10
  • 录用日期:  2021-04-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-26
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-06

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