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不同类型水稻品种产量形成对微纳米气泡响应的差异

钱银飞 陈金 邵彩虹 关贤交 邱才飞 陈先茂 梁喜欢 谢江 邓国强 彭春瑞

钱银飞, 陈金, 邵彩虹, 关贤交, 邱才飞, 陈先茂, 梁喜欢, 谢江, 邓国强, 彭春瑞. 不同类型水稻品种产量形成对微纳米气泡响应的差异[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 30(0): 1−9 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210194
引用本文: 钱银飞, 陈金, 邵彩虹, 关贤交, 邱才飞, 陈先茂, 梁喜欢, 谢江, 邓国强, 彭春瑞. 不同类型水稻品种产量形成对微纳米气泡响应的差异[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 30(0): 1−9 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210194
QIAN Y F, CHEN J, SHAO C H, GUAN X J, QIU C F, , LIANG X H, XIE J, DENG G Q, PENG C R. Different impacts of Micro-Nano bubbles on the yield formation of the different rice type[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 30(0): 1−9 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210194
Citation: QIAN Y F, CHEN J, SHAO C H, GUAN X J, QIU C F, , LIANG X H, XIE J, DENG G Q, PENG C R. Different impacts of Micro-Nano bubbles on the yield formation of the different rice type[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 30(0): 1−9 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210194

不同类型水稻品种产量形成对微纳米气泡响应的差异

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210194
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题(2016YFD0801101, 2018YFD0800503)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    钱银飞, 主要研究方向为作物栽培和农业生态。E-mail: qyftfs@163.com

    通讯作者:

    彭春瑞, 主要研究方向为作物栽培和农业生态。E-mail: pcrtfs@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S314

Different impacts of Micro-Nano bubbles on the yield formation of the different rice type

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Project of China (2016YFD0801101, 2018YFD0800503)
More Information
  • 摘要: 为评估微纳米气泡对不同类型水稻品种的生长发育及产量形成的影响的差异以及这种差异所带来的微纳米气泡应用策略的启示。以江西主推的超级稻品种‘五丰优T025’和常规稻品种‘赣晚籼37’为试验材料, 于2019—2020年开展了微纳米气泡(MNB)与普通水(对照, CK)灌溉对超级稻和常规稻的生长发育及产量构成的影响的盆栽试验。结果表明, 1) MNB显著增加了土壤溶液中溶解氧浓度, 增加了水稻根系体积和干重, 提高了α-NA氧化量、根系总吸收表面积和根系活跃吸收表面积, 促进了叶片的叶绿素含量和净光合速率的增加, 促进了生物产量的积累和经济系数的提高, 增加了水稻的穗长, 着粒密度、一二级枝梗和主轴数及其着生其上的粒数和结实率, 最终提高了籽粒产量; 2) MNB提高常规稻产量8.46%~17.9%, 提高超级稻产量11.32%~22.09%, 以超级稻增幅较大; 3) MNB主要增加了常规稻的穗数(6.67%~16.67%)和超级稻的穗粒数(3.23%~7.2%)和结实率(1.14%~6.57%); 4) MNB提高常规稻穗数原因主要是在水稻生育前期促进了水稻分蘖的发生, 使得常规稻具有最大分蘖数; 而MNB提高超级稻穗粒数和结实率主要原因在于提高了水稻生育中后期的叶片的光合作用, 减缓了叶片的衰老, 提高了分蘖成穗率和光合物质的积累, 提高了二次枝梗和主轴上籽粒的数量及结实率, 提高了经济系数。可见, 通过微纳米气泡可进一步提升常规稻和超级稻的产量。常规稻可在分蘖期之前适当增加微纳米气泡供给以增加穗数增产, 而超级稻可在抽穗后增加微纳米气泡的供给以提高穗粒数和结实率而增产。
  • 图  1  微纳米气泡处理(MNB)和对照普通水对照(CK)处理移栽后的土壤溶液溶解氧浓度(DO)的变化

    Figure  1.  Changes of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in soil solution of the Micro-Nano Bubble (MNB) and the ordinary water (CK) treatments after transplanted

    图  2  不同类型水稻品种籽粒产量对微纳米气泡的响应

    IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉。不同大写字母表示同一品种两个处理间在P<0.01水平差异显著, 不同小写字母表示同一品种两个处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。

    Figure  2.  Effect of micro-nano bubble irrigation on the grain yield of inbred rice and super rice

    R: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble irrigation. Different capital and lowercase letters mean significant difference between two treatments of the same rice type at P<0.01 and P<0.05 probability levels, respectively.

    图  3  2020年不同类型水稻最高分蘖数和成穗率对微纳米气泡的响应

    IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉。不同小写字母表示同一品种两个处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。

    Figure  3.  Effect of micro-nano bubble irrigation on the tiller characteristics of different rice types in 2020

    IR: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble water irrigation. Different lowercase letters mean significant difference between two treatments of the same rice type at P<0.05 probability levels.

    图  4  2020年不同处理生物量(A)和经济系数(B)

    IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉。不同小写字母表示同一水稻品种两个处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。

    Figure  4.  Biomass(A)and harvest index(B) of different treatments in 2020

    IR: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble water irrigation. Different lowercase letters mean significant difference between two treatments of the same rice type at P<0.05 probability levels.

    图  5  2020年不同处理不同生育期水稻最上部完全展开叶SPAD(A)和Pn值(B)

    IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉; ES: 拔节期; BS: 孕穗期; FHS: 齐穗期; MS: 乳熟期; YS: 黄熟期。不同小写字母不同处理间P<0.05水平差异显著。

    Figure  5.  SPAD and Pn value of the most upside completely expanded leaves of different treatments at different growing stages in 2020

    IR: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble water irrigation; ES: elongation stage; BS: booting stage; FHS: full heading stage; MS: milky stage; YS: yellow stage. Different small letters mean significant difference between two treatments at P<0.05 level.

    表  1  不同类型水稻品种籽粒产量构成因素对微纳米气泡的响应

    Table  1.   Effect of the micro-nano bubble irrigation on the grain yield components of inbred rice and super rice different treatments

    年份
    Year
    处理
    Treatment
    每盆穗数
    Panicles per pot
    穗粒数
    Spikelets per panicle
    结实率
    Seed-setting rate (%)
    千粒重
    1000-grain weight (g)
    2019IR-CK19.5±0.2b136.6±5.3a85.44±0.32b27.14±0.04a
    IR-MNB20.8±0.3a138.3±4.8a86.85±0.21a27.11±0.06a
    SR-CK24.3±0.3a176.5±3.2b82.43±0.25b23.52±0.13a
    SR-MNB24.8±0.4a189.2±5.7a83.37±0.36a23.58±0.33a
    2020IR-CK19.2±0.72b130.3±6.49a78.44±3.18a27.24±0.16a
    IR-MNB22.4±1.28a132.4±5.02a79.26±2.08a27.15±0.04a
    SR-CK19.8±0.36b176.8±5.88b79.45±1.63b22.81±0.75a
    SR-MNB22.1±0.88a182.6±6.8a84.64±4.07a22.74±0.53a
      IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉。不同小写字母表示同一水稻品种两个处理间P<0.05水平差异显著。IR: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble irrigation. Different small letters mean significant difference between two treatments at P<0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2020年不同处理水稻穗部性状特征

    Table  2.   Panicle traits of different type of rice under different treatments in 2020

    处理
    Treatment
    穗长
    Panicle
    length
    (cm)
    一次枝梗
    Primary branches
    二次枝梗
    Secondary branches
    主轴 Cob着粒密度
    Grains per
    panicle length
    (grains·cm−1)
    枝梗数
    Branches
    number
    粒数
    Grains
    number
    结实率
    Seed-setting
    rate (%)
    枝梗数
    Branches
    number
    粒数
    Grains
    number
    结实率
    Seed-setting
    rate (%)
    粒数
    Grains
    number
    结实率
    Seed-setting
    rate (%)
    IR-CK18.6±0.32a14.1±0.06a65.9±1.12a89.2±0.04a20.9±0.67a59±2.12a66.5±1.23a5.4±0.32a76.6±0.05b7.0±0.45a
    IR-MNB18.7±0.28a14.2±0.13a67.0±0.68a89.7±0.12a21.4±0.46a60.0±1.86a67.5±1.11a5.4±0.21a78.6±0.14a7.1±0.67a
    SR-CK23.8±0.31b16.2±0.23a81.8±1.21a89.5±0.06a32.5±0.43a89.6±1.34a70.5±2.11b5.1±0.09b75.6±0.11b7.4±0.34b
    SR-MNB24.3±0.43a16.4±0.21a82.6±2.12a90.5±0.08a33.3±0.78a93.9±2.65a79.6±2.15a5.7±0.32a81.5±0.18a7.5±0.82a
      IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉。不同小写字母表示同一水稻品种两个处理间P<0.05水平差异显著。IR: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble water irrigation. Different small letters mean significant difference between two treatments of the same rice type at P<0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2020年不同处理齐穗期水稻根系特征

    Table  3.   Root traits of the rice of different treatments at the full heading stage in 2020

    处理
    Treatment
    干重
    Dry matter weight
    (g·pot−1)
    根体积
    Volume
    (cm3·pot−1)
    α-NA氧化量
    α-NA oxidation
    (µg·h−1·g−1)
    总吸收表面积
    Total absorption area
    (m2·pot−1)
    活跃吸收表面积
    Active absorption area
    (m2·pot−1)
    活跃吸收表面积比
    Active area ratio
    (%)
    IR-CK6.32±0.74a78.64±5.53b64.73±2.51b46.24±2.32a25.62±2.14b55.41±2.15b
    IR-MNB7.34±2.62a102.37±10.42a73.21±4.42a49.32±2.66a32.43±3.09a65.75±3.01a
    SR-CK7.12±0.42a87.26±3.41b58.38±2.26b48.24±1.65a24.68±2.24b51.16±2.08b
    SR-MNB8.54±1.72a121.78±12.22a65.49±2.45a50.62±3.55a30.14±2.05a59.54±2.75a
      IR: 常规稻; SR: 超级稻; CK: 普通水灌溉; MNB: 微纳米气泡灌溉。不同小写字母表示同一水稻品种两个处理间P<0.05水平差异显著。IR: inbred rice; SR: super rice; CK: running water irrigation; MNB: micro-nano bubble water irrigation. Different small letters mean significant difference between two treatments at P<0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV
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    [26] SANG H H, JIAO X Y, WANG S F, et al. Effects of micro-nano bubble aerated irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer level on tillering, nitrogen uptake and utilization of early rice[J]. Plant, Soil and Environment, 2018, 64(7): 297−302 doi: 10.17221/240/2018-PSE
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-31
  • 录用日期:  2021-06-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-12

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