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前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对大豆产量的影响

张国伟 王晓婧 杨长琴 束红梅 刘瑞显

张国伟, 王晓婧, 杨长琴, 束红梅, 刘瑞显. 前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对大豆产量的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1493−1501 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210084
引用本文: 张国伟, 王晓婧, 杨长琴, 束红梅, 刘瑞显. 前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对大豆产量的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1493−1501 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210084
ZHANG G W, WANG X J, YANG C Q, SHU H M, LIU R X. Effects of rotational pattern and fertilization application on soybean yield under straws returning of preceding crop[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1493−1501 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210084
Citation: ZHANG G W, WANG X J, YANG C Q, SHU H M, LIU R X. Effects of rotational pattern and fertilization application on soybean yield under straws returning of preceding crop[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1493−1501 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210084

前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对大豆产量的影响

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210084
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD0201000)和江苏特粮特经产业技术体系集成创新中心项目(JATS[2020]152)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张国伟,主要从事作物栽培生理研究。E-mail: zgw_0721@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘瑞显,主要从事作物生理生态研究。E-mail: liuruixian2008@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S565.1

Effects of rotational pattern and fertilization application on soybean yield under straws returning of preceding crop

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0201000) and Jiangsu Agricultural Industry Technology System (JATS[2020]152)
More Information
  • 摘要: 探讨不同轮作模式下作物秸秆还田和施肥对大豆产量形成的影响, 可为多元化轮作模式下大豆增产增效提供理论基础和实践依据。于2018—2020年在江苏省农业科学院大豆试验基地, 以前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式为主区, 设置小麦、大蒜、芥菜型油菜和空白(冬闲) 4个轮作模式; 肥料施用水平为副区, 设置不施肥和施三元复合肥(15∶15∶15) 225 kg·hm−2 2个施肥水平, 研究秸秆还田下不同轮作模式和施肥对大豆养分利用及产量形成的影响。结果表明, 轮作模式与施肥对大豆产量及产量构成影响显著, 且两因素对产量及产量构成、植株形态指标和病株率、土壤全氮和速效氮含量、生物量和氮素累积与分配等指标均存在极显著的互作效应。与冬闲-大豆模式相比, 其他轮作模式降低了土壤容重和速效氮含量, 提高了土壤有机质和全氮含量; 大蒜-大豆和芥菜-大豆轮作模式下株高、茎粗、底荚高度、分枝数、总生物量和籽粒生物量、总氮累积量和籽粒氮累积量最高, 利于产量形成, 最终产量较冬闲-大豆模式增加4.40%~10.30%和5.66%~7.09% (施肥处理)、4.88%~8.23%和2.19%~8.78% (不施肥)。小麦-大豆轮作模式抑制植株生长, 总生物量和籽粒生物量、总氮累积量和籽粒氮累积量均最低, 尽管生物量、氮素收获指数和氮素生产效率最高, 但产量最低, 较冬闲-大豆模式分别降低2.80%~7.30% (施肥处理)和7.45%~11.18% (不施肥)。此外, 小麦秸秆还田增加了大豆病株率, 而芥菜-大豆和大蒜-大豆轮作模式则降低了大豆病株率。施肥可以显著促进大豆生长, 降低病株率, 提高土壤全氮和速效氮含量、生物量及氮素累积量和收获密度, 尽管氮素收获指数和氮素利用效率较低, 但是显著提高了产量。与不施肥相比, 施肥使大蒜-大豆、芥菜-大豆和小麦-大豆轮作模式下大豆产量提高9.21%~13.01%、7.97%~14.02%和15.00%~15.91%。因此, 在生产中建议推广大蒜-大豆和芥菜-大豆轮作模式。小麦-大豆轮作模式中在小麦秸秆还田后必须增施肥料才能达到高产。
  • 表  1  大豆生长季前茬作物秸秆还田量和秸秆氮输入量

    Table  1.   Straw and nitrogen amounts of returned straws of crops before soybean growing season kg∙hm−2 

    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern /
    returned straw
    肥料运筹
    Fertilizer
    treatment
    20192020
    秸秆还田量
    Amount of returned straw
    秸秆养分输入量
    Nutrient input of straw
    秸秆还田量
    Amount of returned straw
    秸秆养分输入量
    Nutrient input of straw
    NPKNPK
    大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 2528 26.79 7.83 46.01 2601 27.57 8.01 45.58
    F 2528 26.79 7.83 46.01 2694 28.56 8.34 46.19
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 3795 35.27 3.42 61.85 3855 35.85 3.58 62.18
    F 3795 35.27 3.42 61.85 3894 36.21 3.67 62.25
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 7400 68.31 9.03 115.50 7548 68.69 9.44 114.03
    F 7400 68.31 9.03 115.50 7624 69.38 9.51 114.81
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    F 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
      F0为不施肥, F为施用三元复合肥(15∶15∶15) 225 kg∙hm−2。F0 indicates no fertilizer, F indicates application of ternary compound fertilizer (15∶15∶15) 225 kg∙hm−2.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对大豆产量及产量构成的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of rotation pattern and fertilization application on soybean yield and yield components with straw returning of preceding crop

    年份
    Year
    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern / returned straw
    施肥处理
    Fertilization treatment
    单株荚数
    Pod number
    per plant
    单株粒数
    Seed number
    per plant
    百粒重
    100-seed weight (g)
    实际收获密度
    Harvest density
    (×104 plants∙hm−2)
    产量
    Yield
    (kg∙hm−2)
    2019 大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 37.4±2.19ab 78.4±1.39bc 22.24±0.74bcd 19.95±0.47a 3478.51±89.74b
    F 40.7±2.45a 85.9±1.99a 22.78±0.25a 20.09±0.49a 3931.22±124.34a
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 37.1±1.28ab 77.7±1.64bc 22.61±0.25ab 20.12±0.47a 3534.68±87.78b
    F 40.2±3.27a 84.4±2.62a 22.69±0.51ab 19.93±0.46a 3816.67±119.04a
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 32.8±2.92c 69.4±3.46e 21.46±0.21e 19.29±0.48d 2872.91±86.98e
    F 35.5±1.99bc 76.5±2.70cd 22.08±0.27cd 19.56±0.56bc 3303.92±89.33c
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 34.9±1.95bc 72.8±2.35de 21.88±0.27de 19.65±0.60b 3129.98±133.79d
    F 37.2±1.50ab 81.8±2.09ab 22.47±0.27abc 19.39±0.46cd 3563.97±177.53b
    F
    F value

    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 24.569** 12.026** 41.273** 102.913** 94.552**
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 8.730* 132.099** 13.453** 0.049 445.298**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 0.053 0.581 1.035 8.041** 4.367*
    2020 大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 36.8±1.28d 78.8±1.72c 22.18±0.22b 19.97±0.48a 3490.32±43.17d
    F 41.1±1.28a 84.7±1.80a 22.57±0.22a 19.94±0.46a 3811.89±86.62a
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 37.2±1.28d 76.2±1.69d 22.29±0.22b 19.92±0.55a 3383.41±58.17e
    F 39.9±1.10b 85.3±1.76a 22.66±0.22a 19.96±0.56a 3858.06±54.39a
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 33.7±1.42e 72.2±1.77f 21.88±0.22c 19.38±0.43b 3061.53±76.24g
    F 36.6±1.35d 80.7±2.48b 22.31±0.22b 19.71±0.43a 3548.62±64.32c
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean/ -
    F0 36.5±1.99d 74.8±1.56e 22.21±0.14b 19.83±0.48a 3294.37±96.97f
    F 38.2±1.35c 81.5±2.20b 22.58±0.14a 19.84±0.48a 3651.10±89.09b
    F
    F value
    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 112.903** 64.314** 12.076** 6.069* 165.329**
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 545.514** 785.811** 3013.410** 89.634** 1780.104**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 18.595** 7.754** 3.962 78.902** 18.337**
      同列不同小写字母表示不同轮作模式及施肥处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。*、**分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平影响显著。Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at P<0.05 level among fertilization treatments and rotation patterns. * and ** indicate significant effect at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对大豆形态指标和病株率的影响

    Table  3.   Effects of rotation pattern and fertilization application on plant morphological and diseased plant rate of soybean with straw returning of preceding crop

    年份
    Year
    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern /
    returned straw
    施肥处理
    Fertilization
    treatment
    株高
    Plant height
    (cm)
    茎粗
    Stem diameter
    (mm)
    底荚高度
    Height of
    bottom pod
    (cm)
    分枝数
    Branch number
    per plant
    病株率
    Diseased plant
    rate (%)
    2019 大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 75.5±1.11c 7.28±0.25a 16.3±0.31c 3.3±0.17ef 0.11±0.02d
    F 78.3±1.37a 7.32±a0.07 17.2±0.32a 4.0±0.26ab 0.13±0.02d
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 75.2±1.25c 7.36±0.07a 15.8±0.31d 3.5±0.26de 0.13±0.02d
    F 76.5±1.82b 7.42±0.04a 16.9±0.35b 4.1±0.20a 0.12±0.02d
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 66.2±1.33f 6.11±0.07d 14.4±0.29f 3.1±0.26f 1.21±0.17a
    F 70.2±1.37e 6.38±0.08c 15.3±0.30e 3.5±0.20de 1.01±0.14b
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 69.6±1.45e 6.28±0.17c 15.8±0.52d 3.6±0.17cd 0.87±0.12bc
    F 72.4±1.27d 6.72±0.16b 15.9±0.31d 3.8±0.26bc 0.85±0.12c
    F
    F value

    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 384.592** 231.247** 337.685** 10.015** 133.333**
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 182.866** 56.636** 294.502** 108.300** 143.765**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 7.526* 12.393** 25.742** 5.900* 129.856**
    2020 大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 74.9±1.06d 6.92±0.04b 16.1±0.31c 3.4±0.26cd 0.08±0..02d
    F 78.0±1.37b 7.21±0.03a 16.7±0.31b 3.9±0.35a 0.10±0.02d
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 75.8±1.32c 7.12±0.03a 16.5±0.31b 3.6±0.26abc 0.09±0.02d
    F 79.2±1.38a 7.13±0.04a 17.1±0.32a 3.9±0.17a 0.08±0.02d
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 69.3±1.37g 6.03±0.03a 15.1±0.30f 3.2±0.20d 1.32±0.19a
    F 71.3±1.39f 6.22±0.03d 15.5±0.28e 3.6±0.17abc 1.14±0.16b
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 71.2±1.46f 6.75±0.03c 15.8±0.52d 3.5±0.17bcd 0.74±0.10c
    F 73.5±1.54e 6.77±0.21c 15.7±0.44de 3.8±0.20ab 0.76±0.11c
    F
    F value

    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 429.036** 228.270** 81.982** 16.895** 133.333**
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 298.148** 17.694** 865.280** 21.774** 90.090**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 4.895* 5.050* 129.114** 0.355 147.748**
      同列不同小写字母表示不同轮作模式及施肥处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。*、**分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平影响显著。Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at P<0.05 level among fertilization treatments and rotation patterns. * and ** indicate significant effect at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对生物量累积分配的影响

    Table  4.   Effects of rotation pattern and fertilization application on biomass accumulation and allocation of soybean with straw returning of preceding crop

    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern /
    returned straw
    施肥处理
    Fertilization treatment
    20192020
    总干重
    Total dry weight
    (kg∙hm−2)
    籽粒干重
    Grain dry weight
    (kg∙hm−2)
    收获指数
    Harvest index
    总干重
    Total dry weight
    (kg∙hm−2)
    籽粒干重
    Grain dry weight
    (kg∙hm−2)
    收获指数
    Harvest index
    大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean/garlic
    F0 11 184.1±193.96d 3061.1±62.18d 27.37±0.25c 11 604.3±287.28b 3114.6±56.12cd 26.84±0.48bcd
    F 13 220.5±292.94a 3459.8±91.54a 26.17±0.46e 13 043.0±259.44a 3400.3±62.10a 26.07±0.49cd
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 11 668.0±218.60c 3114.2±84.51c 26.69±0.45d 11 168.7±193.71b 3018.9±79.05de 27.03±0.93bc
    F 12 949.9±230.11ab 3359.2±61.72b 25.94±0.51e 13 097.9±238.29a 3438.2±62.46a 26.25±0.73a
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean/wheat
    F0 8202.0±474.77f 2529.5±78.56g 30.84±0.53a 9333.4±517.94c 2743.1±66.60f 29.39±1.29ab
    F 9842.3±203.36e 2908.4±84.88e 29.55±0.51b 11 162.6±460.53b 3165.7±108.00bc 28.36±1.29cd
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean/-
    F0 11 235.3±321.61d 2754.9±80.11f 24.52±0.50f 11 663.2±262.47b 2940.3±77.11e 25.21±0.50cd
    F 12 667.2±280.94b 3140.2±64.04c 24.79±0.49f 12 081.6±958.34b 3256.8±74.87b 25.03±0.44d
    F
    F value
    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 457.915** 178.518** 420.103** 22.204** 7.648* 9.382*
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 341.680** 1608.851** 157.077** 76.637** 30.757** 63.080**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 3.586 1345.338** 36.428** 4.631* 643.437** 4.308*
      同列不同小写字母表示不同轮作模式及施肥处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。*、**分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平影响显著。Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at P<0.05 level among fertilization treatments and rotation patterns. * and ** indicate significant effect at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对氮素累积分配的影响

    Table  5.   Effects of rotation pattern and fertilization application on nitrogen accumulation and allocation of soybean with straw returning of preceding crop

    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern /
    returned straw
    施肥处理
    Fertilization
    treatment
    总氮累积量
    Total nitrogen
    accumulation (kg∙hm−2)
    籽粒氮累积量
    Grain nitrogen
    accumulation (kg∙hm−2)
    氮收获指数
    Harvest index of nitrogen
    氮素生产效率
    Nitrogen production
    efficiency [kg∙kg−1(N)]
    大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 201.20±7.99d 105.61±3.14d 52.49±0.32cd 17.29±0.27bc
    F 231.55±4.59a 119.36±2.99a 51.55±0.28e 16.98±0.38de
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 199.41±6.69d 107.44±3.85c 53.88±0.49ab 17.73±0.24a
    F 223.95±4.33b 115.89±4.24b 51.75±0.40de 17.04±0.25de
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 159.98±6.96g 87.27±2.06g 54.55±0.33a 17.96±0.29a
    F 189.11±5.34e 100.34±2.91e 53.06±0.29bc 17.47±0.31b
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 182.64±3.65f 95.04±3.50f 52.04±0.69de 17.14±0.23cd
    F 211.80±3.54c 108.34±2.93c 51.15±0.38e 16.83±0.22e
    F
    F value

    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 472.585** 452.287** 21.317** 24.866**
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 1058.737** 3465.151** 101.791** 366.792**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 2.179 36.073** 4.602* 14.853**
      同列不同小写字母表示不同轮作模式及施肥处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。*、**分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平影响显著。Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at P<0.05 level among fertilization treatments and rotation patterns. * and ** indicate significant effect at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  前茬作物秸秆还田下轮作模式和施肥对土壤容重和有机质含量的影响

    Table  6.   Effects of rotation pattern and fertilization application on soil bulk density and organic matter content with straw returning of preceding crop

    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern /
    returned straw
    施肥处理
    Fertilization
    treatment
    20192020
    容重
    Bulk density (g∙cm−3)
    有机质
    Organic matter (g∙kg−1)
    容重
    Bulk density (g∙cm−3)
    有机质
    Organic matter (g∙kg−1)
    V2R8V2R8V2R8V2R8
    大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 1.29±0.03d 1.43±0.04cd 17.8±0.31cd 18.3±0.26c 1.25±0.02b 1.44±0.03b 18.1±0.31aa 18.4±0.26bcd
    F 1.28±0.03e 1.43±0.02cd 17.9±0.38bc 18.4±0.17c 1.26±0.03b 1.45±0.03b 18.3±0.45a 18.6±0.10abc
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 1.28±0.04e 1.45±0.04bc 17.9±0.31bc 18.6±0.20b 1.26±0.03b 1.44±0.03b 18.2±0.32a 18.7±0.17ac
    F 1.30±0.03c 1.44±0.03c 17.8±0.33cd 18.4±0.30c 1.25±0.03b 1.43±0.03bc 18.3±0.38a 18.6±0.26abc
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 1.26±0.03f 1.39±0.04e 18.2±0.32a 18.8±0.20a 1.24±0.02b 1.41±0.03cd 18.1±0.32a 18.9±0.17a
    F 1.25±0.03g 1.40±0.02de 18.1±0.36ab 18.7±0.17ab 1.25±0.03b 1.39±0.02d 18.3±0.32a 18.8±0.17ab
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 1.32±0.03a 1.48±0.03ab 17.5±0.31e 17.7±0.20d 1.33±0.04a 1.49±0.03a 17.7±0.31b 18.1±0.20d
    F 1.28±0.03b 1.49±0.03a 17.6±0.33de 17.8±0.17d 1.31±0.04a 1.50±0.03a 17.6±0.31b 18.2±0.26cd
    F
    F value
    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 285.630** 41.421** 23.950** 123.857** 21.648** 60.781** 29.698** 6.686*
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 2.8770 0.110 0.000 0.750 0.607 0.128 3.477 0.150
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 25.892** 0.404 1.240 6.750* 5.462* 1.149 1.739 1.350
      同列不同小写字母表示不同轮作模式及施肥处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。*、**分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平影响显著。Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at P<0.05 level among fertilization treatments and rotation patterns. * and ** indicate significant effect at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  不同轮作模式下秸秆还田和施肥对土壤全氮和速效氮含量的影响

    Table  7.   Effects of rotation pattern and fertilization application on soil total nitrogen and available nitrogen contents with straw returning of preceding crop

    轮作模式/还田秸秆
    Rotation pattern /
    returned straw
    施肥处理
    Fertilization
    treatment
    20192020
    全氮
    Total nitrogen
    (g∙kg−1)
    速效氮
    Available nitrogen
    (mg∙kg−1)
    全氮
    Total nitrogen
    (g∙kg−1)
    速效氮
    Available nitrogen
    (mg∙kg−1)
    V2R8V2R8V2R8V2R8
    大蒜-大豆/大蒜
    Garlic-soybean / garlic
    F0 0.98±0.05cd 1.06±0.06c 15.9±0.61d 22.4±0.69d 1.07±0.05cd 1.09±0.07cd 16.3±0.98d 24.2±0.42de
    F 1.24±0.03ab 1.24±0.05b 22.7±0.69b 26.9±1.32c 1.28±0.06b 1.32±0.05a 22.5±0.54b 27.5±0.53c
    芥菜-大豆/芥菜
    Leaf mustard-soybean / leaf mustard
    F0 0.96±0.04d 1.04±0.12c 16.2±0.37d 22.7±0.78d 1.04±0.06d 1.08±0.06d 16.9±0.98cd 23.9±0.55ef
    F 1.25±0.03a 1.28±0.10ab 23.1±0.43a 27.4±0.58bc 1.29±0.04ab 1.33±0.10a 22.8±0.42b 28.2±0.50b
    小麦-大豆/小麦
    Wheat-soybean / wheat
    F0 1.04±0.03c 1.10±0.11c 16.1±0.52d 22.5±0.54d 1.12±0.03c 1.14±0.06c 17.1±1.46cd 23.6±0.43f
    F 1.28±0.03a 1.33±0.05a 23.4±0.48a 26.8±1.04c 1.32±0.07a 1.38±0.06a 22.9±0.46b 27.9±0.48b
    冬闲-大豆/-
    Winter fallow-soybean / -
    F0 0.94±0.04d 0.95±0.07d 17.9±0.45c 27.9±0.95b 1.02±0.05d 1.04±0.05d 18.3±0.78c 24.3±0.42d
    F 1.18±0.08b 1.27±0.08ab 22.4±0.43b 30.4±0.66a 1.23±0.05b 1.26±0.07b 24.9±2.69a 28.6±0.50a
    F
    F value
    轮作模式 Rotation pattern (A) 8.010* 5.714* 14.801** 470.254** 19.579** 10.750** 8.312* 34.071**
    施肥水平 Fertilizer treatment (B) 546.336** 229.488** 182.808** 724.233** 192.857** 487.118** 225.891** 9973.146**
    轮作模式×施肥水平 A×B 1.150 3.276 180.542** 11.618** 0.349 0.686 0.194 38.002**
      同列不同小写字母表示不同轮作模式及施肥处理间在P<0.05水平差异显著。*、**分别表示在P<0.05和P<0.01水平影响显著。Different lowercase letters in the same column indicate significant differences at P<0.05 level among fertilization treatments and rotation patterns. * and ** indicate significant effect at P<0.05 and P<0.01 levels, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-09
  • 录用日期:  2021-05-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-13
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-06

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