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内蒙古河套灌区盐碱地治理中农户参与意识及其影响因素

付同刚 蒋莞艳 刘鹏 高会 梁红柱 韩立朴 刘金铜

付同刚, 蒋莞艳, 刘鹏, 高会, 梁红柱, 韩立朴, 刘金铜. 内蒙古河套灌区盐碱地治理中农户参与意识及其影响因素[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(4): 625-632. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200467
引用本文: 付同刚, 蒋莞艳, 刘鹏, 高会, 梁红柱, 韩立朴, 刘金铜. 内蒙古河套灌区盐碱地治理中农户参与意识及其影响因素[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(4): 625-632. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200467
FU Tonggang, JIANG Guanyan, LIU Peng, GAO Hui, LIANG Hongzhu, HAN Lipu, LIU Jintong. Farmer's participation consciousness and the influencing factors in the reclamation of saline-alkali land in Hetao Irrigation Region, Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(4): 625-632. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200467
Citation: FU Tonggang, JIANG Guanyan, LIU Peng, GAO Hui, LIANG Hongzhu, HAN Lipu, LIU Jintong. Farmer's participation consciousness and the influencing factors in the reclamation of saline-alkali land in Hetao Irrigation Region, Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(4): 625-632. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200467

内蒙古河套灌区盐碱地治理中农户参与意识及其影响因素

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200467
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFC0501309

国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFC0501308

详细信息
    作者简介:

    付同刚, 主要从事脆弱生态系统水土过程研究, E-mail: tgfu@sjziam.ac.cn

    蒋莞艳, 主要从事山地生态系统服务研究, E-mail: jgy0210@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘金铜, 主要从事生态工程方面研究。E-mail: jtliu@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 同等贡献者
  • 中图分类号: S156.4

Farmer's participation consciousness and the influencing factors in the reclamation of saline-alkali land in Hetao Irrigation Region, Inner Mongolia

Funds: 

the National Key Research and Development Program of China 2016YFC0501309

the National Key Research and Development Program of China 2016YFC0501308

More Information
    Corresponding author: LIU Jintong, E-mail: jtliu@sjziam.ac.cn
  • Equivalent contributors
  • 摘要: 内蒙古河套灌区土壤盐渍化现象非常严重,而对于在盐碱地治理中起重要作用的基层农户,其参与意识及影响因素仍不明确。本研究利用参与式调查方法,对内蒙古河套灌区农户的种植结构、管理方式、盐碱地认知程度及参与盐碱地治理意愿等方面进行了深入了解,并利用相对感知强度和多元逻辑回归等方法,分析了农户盐碱地治理的参与意识及主要影响因素。结果表明,河套灌区长期采用大水洗盐的灌溉方式,施肥类型以化肥为主,有机肥施用较少。大水洗盐导致地下水位普遍偏高,春季返盐现象严重;较少施用有机肥不利于土壤结构的改良,可见河套灌区农户没有通过改变种植和管理方式来治理盐碱地的意识。有54%的农户认为自家的耕地土壤盐渍化较为严重,但是很少有农户主动采取治理措施。有72%的受访者表示愿意投入资金治理盐碱地,但能接受的投入成本较低(不超过750元·hm-2)。影响农民参与盐碱地治理意识的主要因素是文化程度(P < 0.05),另外投入成本过高、缺乏技术支持等也是重要因素。因此,调整农作物管理模式、加强宣传教育、增加对农户的补助及技术支持是河套灌区盐碱地改良的必要方式。该结果可为扩大盐碱地治理的群众基础以及制定相关政策提供科学依据。
    Equivalent contributors
    1)  同等贡献者
  • 图  1  河套地区主要种植结构(A)和农民主要施肥类型(B)

    图A中作物a、b、c和d分别是向日葵、玉米、小麦和西葫芦。

    Figure  1.  Planted crops (A) and applied fertilizer types (B) of farmer in Hetao region

    In figure A, crop a, b, c and d are sunflower, maize, wheat and zucchini.

    图  2  河套地区农民对盐碱地的认知程度(a)、盐碱地治理意愿(b)和相对感知程度(c)

    图c中, A为对盐碱地形成机理的了解程度, B为自家土地盐碱化程度, C为对盐碱地治理增加成本投入的意愿。

    Figure  2.  Farmer's cognition of saline-alkali land (a), willingness of saline-alkali land reclamation (b) and relative perception of saline alkali land (c) in Hetao region

    In figure c, A is the understanding of saline alkali land formation mechanisms; B is the degree of land salinization; C is the willingness to increase input for saline alkali land treatment.

    表  1  内蒙古河套灌区农户对盐碱地的认知指标赋值及统计特征

    Table  1.   Assignment and statistical characteristics of farmers' cognition indexes of saline alkali land reclamation in Hetao Irrigation Region

    认知指标
    Index
    得分赋值
    Assignment
    均值
    Mean
    标准差
    Standard deviation
    对盐碱地形成机理了解程度
    Understanding degree of formation mechanism of saline alkali land
    1=非常了解; 2=了解; 3=了解一点; 4=不了解
    1 = understand very well; 2 = understand; 3 = understand a little; 4 = no understand
    2.82 1.04
    自家土地盐碱化程度
    Degree of salinization and alkalization of cultivated land
    1=非常严重; 2=严重; 3=一般; 4=不严重
    1 = very serious; 2 = serious; 3 = less serious; 4 = not serious
    2.44 0.78
    对盐碱地治理增加成本投入的意愿
    Willingness to increase investment in saline alkali land reclamation
    1=非常愿意; 2=愿意; 3=不愿意
    1 = very willing; 2 = willing; 3 = unwilling
    2.18 0.66
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  河套灌区盐碱地治理参与意识调查变量赋值及其统计特征

    Table  2.   Features of the interviewed farmers of investigation of sense of participation of saline alkali land reclamation in Hetao Irrigation Region

    特征
    Characteristic
    类别
    Category
    频率
    Frequency
    百分比
    Percentage (%)
    因变量
    Dependent variable
    对盐碱地了解程度
    Understanding degree of saline alkali land
    1=非常了解 1 = understand very well 18 36.0
    2=了解 2 = understand 10 20.0
    3=了解一点 3 = understand a little 17 34.0
    4=不了解 4 = no understanding 5 10.0
    对盐碱地治理意愿
    Willingness to saline alkali land reclamation
    1=非常愿意  1 = very willing 14 28.0
    2=愿意  2 = willing 30 60.0
    3=不愿意  3 = unwilling 6 12.0
    自变量
    Independent variable
    性别
    Gender
    1=男  1 = male 37 74.0
    2=女 2 = female 13 26.0
    年龄
    Age
    1=20岁以下 1 = under 20 years old 0 0
    2=21~30岁  2 = 21-30 years old 1 2.0
    3=31~40岁  3 = 31-40 years old 7 14.0
    4=41~50岁  4 = 41-50 years old 20 40.0
    5=51~60岁 5 = 51-60 years old 10 20.0
    6=60岁以上  6 = over 60 years old 12 24.0
    文化程度
    Education degree
    1=小学及以下 1 = primary school and below 18 36.0
    2=初中  2 = junior school degree 26 52.0
    3=高中  3 = high school degree 4 8.0
    4=大专  4 = college degree 2 4.0
    5=本科及以上  5 = bachelor degree and above 0 0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  农民盐碱地治理意识的影响因素

    Table  3.   Influencing factors of farmer's participation sense in saline-alkali land reclamation in Hetao region

    影响因素
    Influencing factor
    盐碱地了解程度
    Understanding degree of saline alkali land
    盐碱地治理意愿
    Willingness to saline alkali land reclamation
    卡方
    Chi-square
    自由度
    Degree of freedom
    显著性
    Significance
    卡方
    Chi-square
    自由度
    Degree of freedom
    显著性
    Significance
    性别 Gender 3.497 3 0.321 3.685 3 0.298
    年龄 Age 7.313 12 0.836 16.306 12 0.178
    文化程度
    Education degree
    14.825 9 0.096 17.419 9 0.043
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-19
  • 录用日期:  2021-01-12
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-01

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