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作物植硅体形态的应用及其封存有机碳研究进展

袁发英 王霖娇 盛茂银

袁发英, 王霖娇, 盛茂银. 作物植硅体形态的应用及其封存有机碳研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2020, 28(12): 1932-1940. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200307
引用本文: 袁发英, 王霖娇, 盛茂银. 作物植硅体形态的应用及其封存有机碳研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2020, 28(12): 1932-1940. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200307
YUAN Faying, WANG Linjiao, SHENG Maoyin. The application of crop phytoliths for reviewing occluded organic carbon[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2020, 28(12): 1932-1940. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200307
Citation: YUAN Faying, WANG Linjiao, SHENG Maoyin. The application of crop phytoliths for reviewing occluded organic carbon[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2020, 28(12): 1932-1940. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200307

作物植硅体形态的应用及其封存有机碳研究进展

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.200307
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31660136

贵州省科学技术基金 Qiankehe Jichu[2019] 1224

贵州省科技计划项目 Qiankehe Pingtai Rencai[2017] 5726

贵州省优秀青年科技人才支持计划项目 Qiankehe Pingtai Rencai[2017] 5638

贵州省普通高等学校科技拔尖人才支持计划 Qianjiaohe KY zi[2016]064

详细信息
    作者简介:

    袁发英, 主要研究方向为喀斯特生态建设与区域经济。E-mail:yuanfaying0230@163.com

    通讯作者:

    盛茂银, 主要研究方向为喀斯特生态与石漠化治理。E-mail:shmoy@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S181

The application of crop phytoliths for reviewing occluded organic carbon

Funds: 

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 31660136

the Project of Guizhou Science and Technology Fund Qiankehe Jichu[2019] 1224

the Program of Guizhou Science and Technology Qiankehe Pingtai Rencai[2017] 5726

the Support Plan for Excellent Young Science and Technology Talents of Guizhou Province Qiankehe Pingtai Rencai[2017] 5638

the Support Plan for Science and Technology Top-notch Talents of Guizhou Higher Education Institutions Qianjiaohe KY zi[2016]064

More Information
  • 摘要: 农田生态系统是陆地生态系统的重要组成部分,在维系生命的生长发育和环境的动态平衡等方面起着至关重要的作用,在其生长发育和环境演变的过程中储存大量的环境变化信息,能够反映古农业的发展变迁。植硅体是一种长期稳定存在于土壤中的非晶质二氧化硅颗粒物,它可以指示气候变化。近年来,植硅体分析主要应用在农业考古、古气候重建、生物地球化学循环和全球碳汇潜力估算的研究中。世界上作物分布广泛,作物栽培历史悠久,研究作物植硅体与植硅体碳,对探讨农业起源与发展,估算农田生态系统植硅体碳汇潜力,应对全球气候变化具有重要意义。本文在查阅国内外与作物植硅体研究相关文献的基础上,综述了作物植硅体的形态研究、植硅体在考古学中的应用、作物植硅体碳含量与分布、碳汇潜力以及植硅体碳汇在全球碳汇中的贡献,阐明了作物植硅体未来的研究方向。1)不同作物产生的植硅体形态不同,而且对作物植硅体形态的研究较多处于优势的禾本科中,其他作物的研究较少;2)作物植硅体碳含量与其本身的固碳能力和效率有关,不完全由植硅体含量的多少决定,此外,植硅体碳含量的多少也可能受生长环境和植物基因型的影响;3)不同生态系统中气候、地表植被、土壤环境等诸多因素直接或间接地影响区域植硅体的碳汇潜力;4)农田生态系统不同作物植硅体碳汇存在显著差异,施加硅肥或硅-磷复合肥、种植高植硅体含量和高植硅体碳含量的作物等均可显著提高农田生态系统碳汇潜力。今后应进一步研究不同作物植硅体碳汇,以帮助识别过去的农业碳汇,评估当前农业碳汇潜力;加强植物、根系、土壤迁移规律的探讨,进一步分析不同作物植硅体积累与碳汇效应;阐明不同植物吸硅机制、植物根系硅化过程与其植硅体含量、植硅体碳含量间的关系;了解西南喀斯特生态脆弱区农业碳汇潜力,以期为作物科学种植、农田生态系统碳汇估算等提供参考。
  • 表  1  不同作物稃壳主要植硅体类型

    Table  1.   Main phytolith types in shell of different crop species

    作物 Crop 类型 Type 参考文献 Reference
    黍 Prosomillet 3级稃片η型  η type [25]
    粟 Millet 3级稃片Ω型  Ω type
    稗 Trtf 3级稃片β型  β type
    小麦 Wheat 苞片内树枝状、叶片组织内乳突状
    Dendritic type in inflorescence tissue, papilla type in leaf tissue
    水稻 Rice 鱼鳞纹扇型、双峰型、并排哑铃型
    Bulliforms, double peaked, parallel bilobate types
    玉米 Maize 哑铃型、尖型、棒型 Bilobate, pointed, elongate types [26]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同作物植硅体碳含量[17]

    Table  2.   Contents of phytolith-occluded carbon in different crop species[17]

    作物
    Crop
    种植面积
    Planting area (×106 hm2)
    器官
    Organ
    植硅体碳含量
    Phytolith-occluded carbon content (%)
    水稻 Rice 30.1 茎、叶鞘、叶 Stem, sheath, leaf 0.25±0.07
    小麦 Wheat 24.3 茎、叶鞘、叶 Stem, sheath, leaf 0.16±0.07
    玉米 Maize 33.5 茎、叶鞘、叶 Stem, sheath, leaf 0.16±0.06
    其他谷类 Other cereals 6.2 茎、叶鞘、叶 Stem, sheath, leaf 0.17±0.09
    豆类 Soybeans 10.7 茎、叶 Stem, leaf 0.02±0.01
    薯类 Tubers 8.9 茎、叶 Stem, leaf 0.02±0.01
    油料作物 Oil-bearing crops 13.9 茎、叶 Stem, leaf 0.08±0.07
    棉花 Cotton 5.0 茎、叶 Stem, leaf 0.02±0.01
    甘蔗 Sugarcane 1.9 叶鞘、叶 Sheath, leaf 0.25±0.07
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同作物植硅体碳产生通量和产生量[17]

    Table  3.   The phytolith-occluded carbon production flux and rate of different crop species[17]

    作物
    Crop
    种植面积
    Planting area (×106 hm2)
    植硅体碳产生通量
    Phytolith-occluded carbon production flux [kg(CO2)·hm-2·a-1]
    植硅体碳产生量
    Phytolith-occluded carbon production rate [×106 t(CO2)·a-1]
    水稻 Rice 30.1 67.8 2.04
    小麦 Wheat 24.3 37.5 0.91
    玉米 Maize 33.5 44.4 1.49
    甘蔗 Sugarcane 1.9 96.0 0.19
    棉花 Cotton 5.0 16.9 0.08
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-23
  • 录用日期:  2020-08-09
  • 刊出日期:  2020-12-01

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