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农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学研究

郭娜 李华伟

郭娜, 李华伟. 农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(4): 654-664. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180933
引用本文: 郭娜, 李华伟. 农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(4): 654-664. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180933
GUO Na, LI Huawei. System dynamic research on interactive development of rural e-commerce and revitalization[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(4): 654-664. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180933
Citation: GUO Na, LI Huawei. System dynamic research on interactive development of rural e-commerce and revitalization[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(4): 654-664. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180933

农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学研究

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180933
基金项目: 

河北经贸大学科研基金项目 2016KYZ08

详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭娜, 主要从事农产品流通研究。Email: guonuo0524@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: F323.3;F204

System dynamic research on interactive development of rural e-commerce and revitalization

Funds: 

the Research and Development Fund Project of Hebei University of Economics and Business 2016KYZ08

More Information
  • 摘要: 乡村振兴战略的部署实施为农村基础设施建设、农村经济结构创新、农村技术人才培养提供了充分的政策保障,极大地改善了农村电商发展的外部环境与内在要求。与此同时,农村电商的发展又在市场拓展、产业升级、资金融通等方面促进了乡村振兴战略的实施。为了实现二者的高效互动,本文通过构建农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学模型,揭示了农村电商网商数量、农特产品市场、农村电商专业人才规模、资金规模4个子系统之间的因果关系和动态反馈机制,并基于我国2010—2016年农村经济发展的相关统计数据对农村电商和乡村振兴的互动性进行了仿真模拟。对系统动力学模型进行的稳定性和有效性检验表明,模型能够真实地反映农村经济增长过程中农村电商和乡村振兴互动发展的实际系统结构和功能。在此基础上,通过调整农村电商固定资产投资水平参数、农村电商教育投资水平参数、农业财政补贴因子、农村居民消费补贴因子4个政策变量的取值,进一步对农村电商同乡村振兴互动发展的政策进行模拟。模拟结果显示:影响农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的主要因素是农业财政补贴力度;相关扶持政策在农村电商和乡村振兴互动发展的过程中具有不同的政策效果,呈现出明显的阶段性特征。因此,逐步加大农业财政补贴力度,构建全方位的政策支持体系对于实现农村电商与乡村振兴的互动发展至关重要,同时应根据农村电商发展与乡村振兴战略实施的现状,分阶段、有针对性地重点推进相关政策,以促进农村电商与乡村振兴的互动发展。
  • 图  1  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展模型系统边界

    Figure  1.  System boundary of interactive development model of rural e-commerce and rural revitalization

    图  2  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的因果关系

    图中+、-分别表示正向和负向反馈。+ and-mean positive and negative feedback, respectively.

    Figure  2.  Interactive relationship between rural e-commerce and rural revitalization

    图  3  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学模型

    图中单线箭头表示反馈回路, 双线箭头代表存量状态。

    Figure  3.  System dynamics model of interactive development of rural e-commerce and rural revitalization

    In the figure, the single-line arrow indicates the feedback loop, and the double-line arrow indicates the stock status.

    图  4  不同仿真时间步长的系统动力学模型模拟的农村电商市场产值走势图

    Figure  4.  Simulation of rural e-commerce market output value by system dynamics model with different simulation time steps

    图  5  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学模型模拟的农业产值增长率(a)和农村电商市场产值(b)

    Figure  5.  Growth rate of agricultural output value (a) and rural e-commerce market output value (b) simulated by the system dynamics model of interactive development of rural e-commerce and rural revitalization

    图  6  增加政府对农村地区的投资(策略1)下的农村电商市场产值(a)和农村电商专业人才数量(b)

    策略1方案1为调整农村电商固定资产投资水平; 策略1方案2为调整农村电商教育投资水平。

    Figure  6.  Rural e-commerce market output value (a) and number of rural electricity professional talents (b) under increase government investment in rural areas (Strategy 1)

    Strategy 1 Plan 1 is to adjust the fixed asset investment level of rural e-commerce; Strategy 1 Plan 2 is to adjust the education investment level of rural e-commerce.

    图  7  提高政府对农村补贴政策的支持力度(策略2)下的农村电商市场产值(a)和农村电商专业人才数量(b)

    策略2方案1为调整农业财政补贴因子; 策略2方案2为调整农村居民消费补贴因子。

    Figure  7.  Rural e-commerce market output value (a) and number of rural e-commerce professional talents (b) under increase government support for rural subsidy policy (Strategy 2)

    Strategy 2 Plan 1 is to adjust the agricultural financial subsidy factor; Strategy 2 Plan 2 is to adjust the rural resident consumption subsidy factor.

    表  1  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展系统动力学建模主要参数及模型设定

    Table  1.   Main parameters and model setting of system dynamics modeling of interactive development of rural e-commerce and rural revitalization

    类别
    Category
    变量名称Variable name 类型
    Type
    模型方程及参数Model equation and parameter 单位
    Unit
    经济指标
    Economic indicator




    农村电商市场产值
    Rural e-commerce market output value
    L1) 农村电商产业增加值-农村电商产业减少值
    Difference between added value of rural e-commerce industry and decreased value of rural e-commerce industry
    ×108¥
    农业总产值
    Agricultural gross output value
    L 农业总产值增加值
    Added value of agricultural gross output
    ×108¥
    农村电商网商数量
    Number of rural e-commerce network operators
    L 农村电商网商增加量-农村电商网商减少量
    Difference between increased number of rural e-commerce network operators and decreased number of rural e-commerce network operators
    Dmnl
    农村电商专业人才量
    Number of rural e-commerce professional talents
    L 农村电商人才增长量
    Increased number of rural e-commerce talents
    Dmnl
    辅助指标
    Auxiliary indicator





    农业总产值增加值
    Added value of agricultural gross output
    A2) 农业总产值×γ(γ为农业产值增长率, 0 < γ < 1)
    Agricultural gross output value × γ (γ is the growth rate of agricultural output value, 0 < γ < 1)
    ×108¥
    农村电商教育投资
    Rural e-commerce education investment
    A 农业总产值×农村电商教育投资系数
    Agricultural gross output value × rural e-commerce education investment coefficient
    Dmnl
    农村消费额增长指数
    Rural consumption growth index
    A 农村消费额增加值/农村消费总额
    Added value of rural consumption / total rural consumption
    Dmnl
    农村电商人才增长量
    Increased number of rural e-commerce talents
    A 农村电商教育投资×教育投资效益系数
    Rural e-commerce education investment × education investment benefit coefficient
    Dmnl
    农村电商网商增加量
    Increased number of rural e-commerce network operators
    A 农村电商网商数量×农村居民人均可支配收入增长速率×β (β为农村居民消费补贴因子, 0 < β < 1)
    Number of rural e-commerce network operators × growth rate of per capita disposable income of rural residents × β (β is rural resident consumption subsidy factor, 0 < β < 1)
    Dmnl
    农村电商产业增加值
    Added value of rural e-commerce industry
    A 农村电商固定资产投资+农村电商市场交易额
    Rural e-commerce fixed assets investment + Rural e-commerce market transaction volume
    ×108¥
    农村固定资产投资[8]
    Rural fixed asset investment
    A 农业总产值×农村固定资产投资比例
    Agricultural gross output value × rural fixed assets investment ratio
    ×108¥
    常量值
    Constant value



    物流水平影响因子
    Logistics level impact factor
    C3) 0.086 2[4] Dmnl
    农村电商教育投资系数
    Rural e-commerce education investment coefficient
    C 0.021 04) Dmnl
    农业财政补贴因子
    Agricultural financial subsidy factor
    C 0.2205) Dmnl
    农村居民消费补贴因子
    Rural resident consumption subsidy factor
    C 0.0205) Dmnl
    农村电商固定资产投资比例
    Ratio of investment on rural e-commerce fixed assets
    C 0.1204) Dmnl
    1)L:水平变量; 2)A:辅助变量; 3)C:常量; 4)采用趋势法计算得出; 5)采用回归分析法计算得出。1) L: level variable; 2) A: auxiliary variable; 3) C: constant; 4) obtained by the trend method; 5) obtained by the regression analysis method.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学模型有效性检验结果

    Table  2.   Validity test results of system dynamics model of interactive development of rural e-commerce and rural revitalization

    年份
    Year
    农业总产值
    Agricultural gross output value
    农村居民人均消费支出
    Per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents
    原始值
    Original value (×108 ¥ )
    仿真值
    Simulation value (×108 ¥ )
    误差率
    Error rate (%)
    原始值
    Original value (×108 ¥ )
    仿真值
    Simulation value (×108 ¥ )
    误差率
    Error rate (%)
    2010 39 362.6 39 362.6 0 4 381.8 4 381.8 0
    2011 46 163.1 48 084.2 -4 5 221.1 5 426.3 -4
    2012 50 902.3 51 298.4 -1 5 908.0 5 791.9 2
    2013 55 329.1 53 988.8 2 7 485.2 6 934.2 7
    2014 58 343.5 56 488.3 3 8 382.6 7 837.6 7
    2015 60 862.1 59 148.5 3 9 222.6 8 347.4 9
    2016 63 670.7 62 453.8 2 10 129.8 9 491.9 6
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  农村电商与乡村振兴互动发展的系统动力学模型在不同仿真策略下的系统动态模拟结果

    Table  3.   System dynamic simulation results of system dynamics model of interactive development of rural e-commerce and rural revitalization under different simulation strategies

    年份
    Year
    农村电商市场产值
    Rural e-commerce market output value (×108¥ )
    农村电商专业人才数量
    Number of rural e-commerce professional talents (×104)
    初始值
    Initial value
    策略1 Strategy one 策略2 Strategy two 初始值
    Initial value
    策略1 Strategy one 策略2 Strategy two
    方案1
    Plan 1
    方案2
    Plan 2
    方案1
    Plan 1
    方案2
    Plan 2
    方案1
    Plan 1
    方案2
    Plan 2
    方案1
    Plan 1
    方案2
    Plan 2
    2010 1 200.00 1 200.00 1 200.00 1 200.00 1 200.00 120.00 120.00 120.00 120.00 120.00
    2011 2 139.40 2 141.66 2 140.40 2 143.40 2 143.00 122.81 122.91 123.13 123.81 123.71
    2012 3 043.82 3 048.34 3 047.33 3 201.82 3 200.95 125.79 126.00 126.65 126.79 126.31
    2013 3 917.00 3 923.79 3 920.52 4 118.00 4 099.63 128.95 129.87 130.30 130.75 130.43
    2014 4 762.69 4 771.79 4 768.74 4 889.28 4 877.45 132.35 133.43 134.20 134.28 134.02
    2015 5 584.75 5 596.23 5 589.90 5 718.75 5 709.61 136.01 138.64 139.41 137.91 137.33
    2016 6 327.22 6 401.20 6 400.17 6 487.23 6 454.59 140.00 142.00 143.00 143.00 142.72
    2017 7 174.46 7 391.09 7 249.06 7 344.47 7 327.28 144.39 146.72 152.05 148.39 147.99
    2018 7 789.34 7 950.81 7 820.66 7 998.30 7 886.69 149.28 150.38 153.67 150.33 149.99
    2019 8 323.17 8 745.92 8 553.82 8 723.23 8 555.94 154.79 156.80 164.01 163.67 157.56
    2020 9 096.64 9 523.06 9 162.54 9 996.76 9 346.25 161.11 165.20 172.28 171.42 165.65
        策略1方案1为调整农村电商固定资产投资水平, 策略1方案2为调整农村电商教育投资水平; 策略2方案1为调整农业财政补贴因子, 策略2方案2为调整农村居民消费补贴因子。Strategy 1 Plan 1 is to adjust the fixed asset investment level of rural e-commerce; Strategy 1 Plan 2 is to adjust the education investment level of rural e-commerce; Strategy 2 Plan 1 is to adjust the agricultural financial subsidy factor; Strategy 2 Plan 2 is to adjust the rural resident consumption subsidy factor.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同政策方案下农村电商市场产值、农村电商专业人才数量和农村居民收入增长率的对比分析

    Table  4.   Comparative analysis of rural e-commerce market output value, number of rural e-commerce professional talents and growth rate of rural residents income under different policy options

    方案Plan 农村电商市场产值
    Rural e-commerce market output value (×104¥ )
    农村电商专业人才数量
    Number of rural e-commerce professional talents (×104)
    农村居民人均可支配收入增长率
    Growth rate of per capita disposable income of rural residents (%)
    初始状态Initial state 7 174.46 144.39 7.900
    策略1方案1 Strategy 1 Plan 1 7 391.09 146.72 7.940
    策略1方案2 Strategy 1 Plan 2 7 249.06 152.05 7.935
    策略2方案1 Strategy 2 Plan 1 7 344.47 148.39 7.958
    策略2方案2 Strategy 2 Plan 2 7 327.28 147.99 7.947
    策略1方案1为调整农村电商固定资产投资水平, 策略1方案2为调整农村电商教育投资水平; 策略2方案1为调整农业财政补贴因子, 策略2方案2为调整农村居民消费补贴因子。Strategy 1 Plan 1 is to adjust the fixed asset investment level of rural e-commerce; Strategy 1 Plan 2 is to adjust the education investment level of rural e-commerce; Strategy 2 Plan 1 is to adjust the agricultural financial subsidy factor; Strategy 2 Plan 2 is to adjust the rural resident consumption subsidy factor.
    下载: 导出CSV
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    [13] 郭晓鸣, 张克俊, 虞洪, 等.实施乡村振兴战略的系统认识与道路选择[J].农村经济, 2018, (1):11-20 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=ncjj201801002

    GUO X M, ZHANG K J, YU H, et al. Systematic understanding and road selection for implementing rural revitalization strategy[J]. Rural Economy, 2018, (1):11-20 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=ncjj201801002
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-10-22
  • 录用日期:  2018-12-16
  • 刊出日期:  2019-04-01

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