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不同代际传递方式对稻农有机肥施用意愿的影响

曾杨梅 张俊飚 何可

曾杨梅, 张俊飚, 何可. 不同代际传递方式对稻农有机肥施用意愿的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(4): 644-653. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180723
引用本文: 曾杨梅, 张俊飚, 何可. 不同代际传递方式对稻农有机肥施用意愿的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(4): 644-653. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180723
ZENG Yangmei, ZHANG Junbiao, HE Ke. The influence of intergenerational transmission of farming practices on organic fertilizer utilization willingness of rice producers[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(4): 644-653. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180723
Citation: ZENG Yangmei, ZHANG Junbiao, HE Ke. The influence of intergenerational transmission of farming practices on organic fertilizer utilization willingness of rice producers[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(4): 644-653. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180723

不同代际传递方式对稻农有机肥施用意愿的影响

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180723
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 71333006

国家自然科学基金项目 71703051

国家自然科学基金项目 71503074

教育部哲学社会科学重大攻关项目 15JZD014

详细信息
    作者简介:

    曾杨梅, 主要研究方向为农业资源与环境经济。E-mail:yangmeiyes@163.com

    通讯作者:

    张俊飚, 主要研究方向为资源与环境经济和农业经济理论与政策。E-mail:zhangjb513@126.com

  • 中图分类号: F323.3;F204

The influence of intergenerational transmission of farming practices on organic fertilizer utilization willingness of rice producers

Funds: 

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 71333006

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 71703051

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 71503074

the Key Program of Philosophy and Social Sciences Research, Ministry of Education of China 15JZD014

More Information
  • 摘要: 在我国以“家庭关系”为核心的传统农耕文化大背景下,稻农对有机肥的施用意愿是否受家庭内部代际传递因素的影响?既有研究尚未给出相应的证据。鉴于此,利用在湖北省实地调查获得的563份有效微观数据,运用二元Logistic模型,重点分析了互动性代际传递与示范性代际传递对稻农有机肥施用意愿的影响。研究发现:1)样本农户中,52.93%的稻农愿意施用有机肥;2)互动性传递程度每提升1个层次,稻农愿意施用有机肥的概率会下降10.10%,而示范型传递程度每提升1个层次,稻农愿意施用有机肥的概率会提升20.64%;同时,示范性传递对稻农有机肥施用意愿的影响会随互动性传递影响程度的下降而显著增强;3)互动性传递、示范型传递及其交互项是影响中青年组稻农对有机肥施用意愿的重要因子,而老年组稻农对有机肥的施用意愿主要受交互项的影响;4)稻农对有机肥的施用意愿还受土壤肥力、教育水平、农业年收入、风险感知、政策满意度的影响。因此,要正确引导父代采用相关绿色农业技术的正向示范效应,弱化父代务农经验对稻农的消极影响;适当加大教育投入,发展低风险绿色农业技术,充分发挥政府在技术支持中的引领作用,进而促进有机肥等绿色农业技术的推广应用。
  • 表  1  稻农有机肥施用意愿影响因素变量的含义与描述性统计分析

    Table  1.   Definition and description of variables impacting rice producers' willingness to use organic fertilizer

    变量类型
    Variable type
    变量名称
    Variable name
    变量含义与说明
    Variable definition and description
    均值
    Mean value
    标准差
    Standard deviation
    因变量
    Dependent variable
    施用有机肥意愿(y)
    Willingness to use organic fertilizer
    是否愿意施用有机肥:是=1;否=0
    Willing or unwilling to use organic fertilizer? willing = 1; unwilling = 0
    0.529 0.499
    关键自变量Key independent variables
    代际传递
    Intergenerational transmission factors
    互动性传递(x1)
    Interactive transmission
    是否属于互动性传递:是=1;否=0
    Interactive transmission: yes = 1; no = 0
    0.375 0.484
    示范性传递(x2)
    Demonstrative transmission
    是否属于示范性传递:是=1;否=0
    Demonstrative transmission: yes = 1; no = 0
    0.119 0.324
    控制变量 Control independent variables
    个人变量
    Individual characteristics
    性别(x3) Gender 男=1;女=0 Male = 1; female = 0 0.785 0.411
    年龄(x4) Age 实际周岁 Age 56.746 9.684
    受教育水平(x5) Educational level 实际受教育年限 Years of schooling 6.905 2.932
    家庭特征变量
    Households characteristics
    劳动力数量(x6) Labor quantity 家庭劳动力人数 Number of labors in family 3.009 1.392
    土地经营规模(x7) Land acreage 家庭实际耕地面积 Land acreage in households (hm2) 0.439 0.311
    土壤肥力(x8) Soil fertility 较好=1;较差=0 Good = 1; bad = 0 0.290 0.454
    农业年收入(x9)
    Annual farming income
    家庭农业年收入
    Annual farming income
    (×104¥ )
    1.171 1.161
    邻里效应
    Neighbors’ effect
    邻居的影响(x10)
    Influence of neighbors
    是=1;否=0 Yes = 1; no = 0 0.377 0.485
    其他变量
    Other independent variables
    风险感知(x11)
    Risk perception
    对采用绿色农业技术的风险感知程度:较高=1;较低=0
    Risk perception of adopting green agricultural technologies: high = 1; low = 0
    0.446 0.497
    政策满意度(x12)
    Policy satisfaction
    对粮食直接补贴政策的满意度, 比较满意=1;比较不满意=0
    Satisfaction of direct grain subsidy: satisfaction = 1; non-satisfaction = 0
    0.321 0.467
    技术培训(x13)
    Technical training
    是否接受过绿色农业技术培训服务:是=1;否=0
    Participating in technical training: yes = 1; no = 0
    0.094 0.292
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同代际传递组稻农对有机肥的施用意愿

    Table  2.   Rice producers' willingness to use organic fertilizer among different types of inter-generational transmission

    稻农代际传递类型
    Type of inter-generational transfer of rice producer
    组别
    Group
    愿意Willingness to use 不愿意Non-willingness to use
    户数
    Households number
    比例
    Proportion (%)
    户数
    Households number
    比例
    Proportion (%)
    互动性传递
    Interactive transmission
    互动性传递组稻农
    Interactive transmission group
    102 48.34 109 51.66
    非互动性传递组稻农
    Non-interactive transmission group
    196 55.68 156 44.32
    示范性传递组
    Demonstrative transmission
    示范性传递组稻农
    Demonstrative transmission group
    46 68.66 21 31.34
    非示范性传递组稻农
    Non-demonstrative transmission group
    252 50.81 244 49.19
    全体Total 298 52.93 265 47.07
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  稻农有机肥施用意愿影响因素变量的多重共线性检验

    Table  3.   Multicollinearity test of independent variables impacting rice producers' willingness to use organic fertilizer

    变量
    Variable
    共线性统计量
    Collinearity statistics
    容差
    Tolerance
    VIF
    示范性传递Demonstrative transmission 0.977 1.023
    性别Gender 0.942 1.062
    年龄Age 0.863 1.159
    受教育水平Educational level 0.850 1.177
    劳动力数量Labor quantity 0.965 1.037
    土地经营规模Land acreage 0.613 1.631
    土壤肥力Soil fertility 0.953 1.049
    农业年收入Annual farming income 0.611 1.637
    邻里效应Neighbors’ effect 0.961 1.041
    风险感知Risk perception 0.972 1.029
    政策满意度Policy satisfaction 0.943 1.060
    技术培训Technical training 0.959 1.043
    1)容差是VIF的倒数, 是多重共线性量度指标之一。一般地, 容差值的范围在(0, 1), 当容差值小于0.1, 即认为存在共线性问题。2)VIF(方差膨胀因子)是多重共线性重要的量度指标。一般地, VIF≥10, 即认为存在较为严重的多重共线性。1) Tolerance is the reciprocal of VIF and one of the multiple collinearity metrics. In general, the range of tolerance is (0, 1), and when the tolerance is less than 0.1, the multicollinearity problem exists. 2) VIF (variance inflation factor) is an important measurement index of multicollinearity. In general, when VIF≥10, serious multicollinearity problem exists.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  稻农有机肥施用意愿影响因素的二元Logistic回归结果

    Table  4.   Binary Logistic regression results of factors influencing rice producers' willingness to use organic fertilizer

    变量
    Variable
    方程(1)
    Equation (1)
    方程(2)
    Equation (2)
    方程(3)
    Equation (3)
    边际效应[基于方程(3)]
    Marginal effects of equation (3)
    方程(4)
    Equation (4)
    边际效应[基于方程(4)]
    Marginal effects of equation (4)
    代际传递变量
    Inter- generational transmission variables

    互动性传递
    Interactive transmission
    -0.330* (0.189) -0.461** (0.196) -10.100%** (0.042) -0.433** (0.199) -9.157%** (0.041)
    示范性传递
    Demonstrative transmission
    0.796*** (0.297) 0.942*** (0.305) 20.639%*** (0.065) 0.431 (0.333) 9.111% (0.070)
    互动性传递×示范性传递
    Interactive transmission × demonstrative transmission
    2.821*** (0.653) 59.637%*** (0.130)
    个人特征变量
    Individual characteristics

    性别Gender 0.374(0.377) 0.461(0.385) 0.436(0.385) 9.555%(0.084) 0.490(0.402) 10.362%(0.084)
    年龄Age 0.012(0.010) 0.013(0.010) 0.012(0.010) 0.263%(0.002) 0.011(0.010) 0.226%(0.002)
    受教育水平
    Educational level
    0.185*** (0.035) 0.188*** (0.035) 0.187*** (0.036) 4.101%*** (0.007) 0.192*** (0.037) 4.050%*** (0.007)
    家庭特征变量
    Households characteristics


    劳动力数量
    Labor quantity
    -0.045 (0.065) -0.051 (0.066) -0.051 (0.066) -1.113% (0.014) -0.069 (0.067) -1.456% (0.014)
    土地经营规模
    Land acreage
    0.007 (0.025) 0.009 (0.025) 0.012 (0.025) 0.265% (0.005) 0.015 (0.025) 0.309% (0.005)
    土壤肥力
    Soil fertility
    -0.500** (0.203) -0.489** (0.203) -0.475** (0.204) -10.403%** (0.044) -0.446** (0.208) -9.425%** (0.043)
    农业年收入
    Annual farming income
    0.175* (0.105) 0.166 (0.104) 0.169 (0.105) 3.711% (0.023) 0.182* (0.106) 3.843%* (0.022)
    邻里效应
    Neighbors’ effect
    邻里效应
    Neighbors’ effect
    0.148 (0.188) 0.203 (0.189) 0.182 (0.190) 3.978% (0.041) 0.197 (0.193) 4.154% (0.041)
    其他因素变量
    Other independent variables
    风险感知
    Risk perception
    -0.781*** (0.198) -0.706*** (0.197) -0.756*** (0.199) -16.558%*** (0.042) -0.790*** (0.203) -16.704%*** (0.041)
    政策满意度
    Policy satisfaction
    -0.336* (0.186) -0.327* (0.186) -0.381** (0.189) -8.343%** (0.041) -0.370* (0.192) -7.813%* (0.040)
    技术培训
    Technical training
    0.159 (0.318) 0.116 (0.316) 0.166 (0.321) 3.643% (0.070) 0.121 (0.329) 2.558% (0.069)
    常数项Constant -1.704** (0.761) -2.083*** (0.765) -1.854** (0.775) -1.865** (0.794)
    对数似然函数值Log likelihood -358.268 -356.002 -353.195 -343.058
    Prob. > chi2 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
    虚拟判定系数Pseudo R2 0.080 0.086 0.093 0.119
    χ2统计量LRchi2 62.010 66.540 72.160 92.430
    ***、**和*分别表示自变量在1%、5%和10%水平下显著。括号内为标准误。***, ** and * indicate significance at 1%, 5% and 10% levels,respectively. Data in the parentheses are deviations.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  中青年组和老年组稻农有机肥施用意愿影响因素的回归结果

    Table  5.   Regression results of factors influencing willingness to use organic fertilizer of young and middle-aged producers and elderly producers

    变量Variables 方程(5):中青年组(N=357)
    Equation (5): young and middle-aged producers (N=357)
    方程(6):老年组(N=206)
    Equation (6): elderly producers (N=206)
    代际传递因素变量
    Inter-generational transmission variables

    互动性传递Interactive transmission -0.697***(0.250) 0.119(0.368)
    示范性传递Demonstrative transmission 0.818*(0.436) -0.386(0.763)
    互动性传递×示范性传递
    Interactive transmission × demonstrative transmission
    1.760**(0.825) 4.634***(1.410)
    个人特征变量
    Individual characteristics

    性别Gender 0.379(0.532) 0.569(0.649)
    年龄Age 0.220(0.018) 0.0.40(0.036)
    受教育水平Educational level 0.159***(0.049) 0.227***(0.062)
    家庭特征变量
    Households characteristics

    劳动力数量Labor quantity -0.096(0.093) -0.056(0.105)
    土地经营规模Land acreage 0.028(0.030) 0.003(0.050)
    土壤肥力Land fertility -0.569**(0.259) -0.327(0.376)
    农业年收入Annual farming income 0.102(0.121) 0.335(0.233)
    邻里效应
    Neighbors’ effect
    邻里效应Neighbors’ effect 0.331(0.248) -0.081(0.331)
    其他因素变量
    Other independent variables
    风险感知Risk perception -0.986***(0.258) -0.433(0.352)
    政策满意度Policy satisfaction -0.247(0.244) -0.584*(0.333)
    技术培训Technical training 0.323(0.431) -0.291(0.551)
    常数项Constant -1.903*(1.057) -4.350*(2.556)
    对数似然函数值Log likelihood -217.576 -118.222
    Prob > chi2 0.000 0.000
    虚拟判定系数Pseudo R2 0.113 0.172
    χ2统计量LRchi2 55.490 48.960
    ***、**和*分别表示自变量在1%、5%和10%的水平下显著; 括号内为标准误差。***, ** and * indicate significance at 1%, 5% and 10% levels, respectively. Data in the parentheses are deviations.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-08-01
  • 录用日期:  2018-11-05
  • 刊出日期:  2019-04-01

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