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中国有机农业发展:贡献与启示

孟凡乔

孟凡乔. 中国有机农业发展:贡献与启示[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(2): 198-205. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180603
引用本文: 孟凡乔. 中国有机农业发展:贡献与启示[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(2): 198-205. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180603
MENG Fanqiao. Organic agriculture development in China: Challenges and implications[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(2): 198-205. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180603
Citation: MENG Fanqiao. Organic agriculture development in China: Challenges and implications[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(2): 198-205. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180603

中国有机农业发展:贡献与启示

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180603
基金项目: 

十三五国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFD0201204

"十二五"国家科技支撑计划项目 2014BAK19B05

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孟凡乔, 主要研究方向为农业生态系统碳氮循环。E-mail:mengfq@cau.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S345

Organic agriculture development in China: Challenges and implications

Funds: 

the National Key Research and Development Program of China 2016YFD0201204

the National Key Technologies R&D Program of China 2014BAK19B05

More Information
  • 摘要: 改革开放40年以来,中国农业和农村经济取得了令人瞩目的成就。当前,农业和农村发展正从数量型向质量和数量型并重的模式转变,需要对农业发展模式和措施进一步优化,其中有机农业近年来得到较快发展。到2016年底,中国有机农业耕地面积(180万hm2)约占全国耕地面积的1.5%,有机产值和销售额分别达1 323亿元和450.6亿元。有机农业发展,具有显著的环境、经济和社会效益,特别是在促进物质循环利用、发挥农业生态系统内生能力、加强生产者与消费者互动、振兴乡村经济、创造宜居环境等方面能够发挥重要作用。有机农业也面临着无法充分保障氮素供应以及适度规模化困难等挑战,需要在发展中考虑和关注。政府应制定和实施相应政策,采取生态补偿等具体措施,引导有机农业合理、有序发展。此外,发展有机农业更重要的意义在于对常规农业进行生态化改造,将有机农业理念、原则和技术在常规农业中推广应用,促进中国农业的健康和可持续发展。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-06-28
  • 录用日期:  2018-07-30
  • 刊出日期:  2019-02-01

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