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花后人为模拟倒伏对超级稻生长、产量和品质的影响

赵新勇 邵在胜 吴艳珍 赵轶鹏 王余龙 王云霞 杨连新

赵新勇, 邵在胜, 吴艳珍, 赵轶鹏, 王余龙, 王云霞, 杨连新. 花后人为模拟倒伏对超级稻生长、产量和品质的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(7): 980-989. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171180
引用本文: 赵新勇, 邵在胜, 吴艳珍, 赵轶鹏, 王余龙, 王云霞, 杨连新. 花后人为模拟倒伏对超级稻生长、产量和品质的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(7): 980-989. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171180
ZHAO Xinyong, SHAO Zaisheng, WU Yanzhen, ZHAO Yipeng, WANG Yulong, WANG Yunxia, YANG Lianxin. Influence of artificial lodging at grain-filling stage on plant growth, yield and quality of super rice[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(7): 980-989. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171180
Citation: ZHAO Xinyong, SHAO Zaisheng, WU Yanzhen, ZHAO Yipeng, WANG Yulong, WANG Yunxia, YANG Lianxin. Influence of artificial lodging at grain-filling stage on plant growth, yield and quality of super rice[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(7): 980-989. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171180

花后人为模拟倒伏对超级稻生长、产量和品质的影响

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171180
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31371563

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵新勇, 主要从事作物栽培学与耕作学研究。E-mail:1151626431@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    杨连新, 主要从事作物栽培、生理和生态方面的研究。E-mail:lxyang@yzu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S31

Influence of artificial lodging at grain-filling stage on plant growth, yield and quality of super rice

Funds: 

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 31371563

More Information
  • 摘要: 倒伏是水稻实现高产优质的主要限制因子之一。以‘南粳9108’为材料,研究人为模拟倒伏对超级稻物质生产和分配、产量和产量构成因素以及稻米品质的影响及其与倒伏发生时期的关系,探讨倒伏对水稻生长、产量和品质的影响,为超级稻抗倒栽培提供依据。试验设3个处理,分别为正常植株(CK)、抽穗后15 d倒伏(AL15)和抽穗后30 d倒伏(AL30),成熟期测定水稻物质积累与分配、产量和产量构成以及稻米主要品质性状。结果表明,与正常生长水稻相比,AL30和AL15处理使水稻地上部各器官生物量下降,总生物量分别显著降低7.3%和24.3%。从物质分配看,AL15处理使水稻生物量在生殖器官中的分配比例显著下降,而AL30处理植株响应不显著。AL30和AL15处理使水稻产量分别显著下降8.3%和36.4%。抽穗后倒伏造成的产量损失主要与饱粒率和饱粒千粒重下降有关。AL30处理使饱粒率和饱粒千粒重分别显著下降5.6%和3.3%,AL15处理分别极显著下降30.8%和6.7%。水稻结实期倒伏导致饱粒重下降主要与糙米变小,稻谷充实程度明显降低有关。从稻米品质看,AL30和AL15处理使水稻整精米率分别下降7.5%和14.7%,达显著和极显著水平;AL30处理对稻米蛋白质和直链淀粉含量均无显著影响,但AL15处理使稻米蛋白质含量极显著增加20.2%;RVA谱数据表明,结实期倒伏水稻崩解值减少而消减值增加,但均未达显著水平。以上结果表明,结实中后期发生倒伏对超级稻‘南粳9108’籽粒产量和稻米品质影响较小,但结实早期倒伏将使物质生产和籽粒灌浆均受到抑制,最终导致产量大幅下降,同时稻米加工和食味品质亦呈变劣趋势。
  • 图  1  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’成熟期地上部总干重及其各器官干重的影响

    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。

    Figure  1.  Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on dry weight of above-ground organs of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    CK: no lodging; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.

    图  2  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’叶片、茎鞘和稻穗干重占地上部总重比例的影响

    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。

    Figure  2.  Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on proportions of leaf, stem-sheath and panicle to the total above-ground dry weight of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.

    图  3  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’籽粒产量(A)、单位面积穗数(B)、每穗颖花数(C)、饱粒率(D)、秕粒率(E)、空粒率(F)、饱粒千粒重(G)及所有籽粒平均粒重(H)的影响

    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。

    Figure  3.  Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on grain yield (A), panicle number per m2 (B), spikelet number per panicle (C), full-filled-grain rate (D), unfilled-grain rate (E), empty-grain rate (F), full-filled-grain weight per 1 000 (G) and average grain weight (H) of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.

    图  4  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’籽粒充实度的影响

    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。

    Figure  4.  Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on the degree of grain filling of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.

    图  5  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’稻米糙米率、精米率和整精米率的影响

    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。

    Figure  5.  Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on brown rice rate, milled rice rate and head rice rate of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.

    图  6  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’稻米蛋白质和直链淀粉含量的影响

    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。

    Figure  6.  Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on grain protein content and amylose content of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.

    表  1  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’稻谷和糙米长度、宽度、厚度和体积的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on length, width, thickness and volume of rough rice and brown rice of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    处理Treatment 长度Length (mm) 宽度Width (mm) 厚度Thickness (mm) 体积volume (mm3)
    稻谷
    Rough rice
    CK 7.38±0.114a 3.77±0.011a 2.56±0.046a 37.3±0.199a
    AL30 7.35±0.003a 3.77±0.028a 2.51±0.010a 36.6±0.530a
    AL15 7.30±0.073a 3.75±0.011a 2.34±0.046b 35.9±1196a
    糙米
    Brown rice
    CK 5.02±0.031b 2.99±0.020a 2.17±0.001a 17.0±0.222a
    AL30 5.22±0.030a 2.49±0.015b 2.12±0.029a 14.4±0.191b
    AL15 5.06±0.030b 2.46±0.010b 1.95±0.015a 12.7±0.031c
    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  结实期人为倒伏处理对‘南粳9108’淀粉黏滞特性的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of artificial lodging during grain filling stage on starch viscosity properties of rice variety 'Nanjing 9108'

    处理Treatment 最高黏度Maximum viscosity (cP) 崩解值Breakdown (cP) 最终黏度Final viscosity (cP) 消减值Setback (cP) 峰值时Peak time (min)
    CK 2 835±114a 962±25a 2 645±15a 772±26a 6.2±0.100a
    AL30 2 533±6ab 939±20a 2 379±14b 785±40a 6.1±0.001a
    AL15 2 431±105b 908±41a 2 304±9c 790±34a 6.1±0.030a
    CK:不进行人为倒伏处理; AL30:抽穗后30 d人为倒伏处理; AL15:抽穗后15 d人为倒伏处理。不同小写字母表示在0.05水平上差异显著。CK: no lodging as control; AL30: artificial lodging at 30 days after heading; AL15: artificial lodging at 15 days after heading. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences at P < 0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-20
  • 录用日期:  2018-03-22
  • 刊出日期:  2018-07-01

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