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内蒙古东北部大豆气候适宜度等级及种植区划研究

王彦平 阴秀霞 张昉 张煦明 乌长顺

王彦平, 阴秀霞, 张昉, 张煦明, 乌长顺. 内蒙古东北部大豆气候适宜度等级及种植区划研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(7): 948-957. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171128
引用本文: 王彦平, 阴秀霞, 张昉, 张煦明, 乌长顺. 内蒙古东北部大豆气候适宜度等级及种植区划研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(7): 948-957. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171128
WANG Yanping, YIN Xiuxia, ZHANG Fang, ZHANG Xuming, WU Changshun. Climate suitability grading and planting zoning of soybean in Northeast Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(7): 948-957. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171128
Citation: WANG Yanping, YIN Xiuxia, ZHANG Fang, ZHANG Xuming, WU Changshun. Climate suitability grading and planting zoning of soybean in Northeast Inner Mongolia[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(7): 948-957. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171128

内蒙古东北部大豆气候适宜度等级及种植区划研究

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171128
基金项目: 

中国气象局气候变化专项 CCSF201606

中国气象局核心业务发展专项 CMAHX20160205

中国气象局兰州干旱气象研究所干旱气象科学研究基金 IAM201706

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王彦平, 主要研究方向为农牧业气象服务与研究。E-mail:fei_ping@sohu.com

  • 中图分类号: P49

Climate suitability grading and planting zoning of soybean in Northeast Inner Mongolia

Funds: 

the Special Climate Change Project of the China Meteorological Administration CCSF201606

China Meteorological Administration's Core Business Development Project CMAHX20160205

China Meteorological Administration Lanzhou Institute of Drought Meteorological Science Research Foundation IAM201706

More Information
  • 摘要: 为高效利用内蒙古东北部地区水热资源,发展冷凉地区大豆种植业,利用呼伦贝尔市、兴安盟及周边黑龙江地区近30年的气象观测资料和大豆发育期资料,采用气候适宜度分析方法,计算了该区域近30年逐年大豆气候适宜度,建立了气候适宜度评价指标,进行了基于GIS的呼伦贝尔市大豆适宜种植区划。研究结果表明,温度适宜度和水热综合适宜度≥0.6为适宜,0.4~0.6为较适宜,≤0.4为不适宜;降水适宜度≥0.7为适宜,0.6~0.7为较适宜,≤0.6为不适宜。大豆适宜种植区域为大兴安岭农区东南端;较适宜种植区域为大兴安岭东麓,适宜种植区的外沿;不适宜种植区位于呼伦贝尔市北部林区及西部牧区。在林区南部的农林交错带中,该区1 900~2 100℃积温区域为玉米不适宜种植地区,但可以大力发展大豆种植业,在调整种植业结构时可考虑在这一区域增加大豆种植面积。
  • 图  1  呼伦贝尔市大豆种植温度适宜度(a)和降水适宜度(b)区划

    Figure  1.  The zoning of temperature (a) and precipitation (b) suitabilities of soybean planting in Hulun Buir

    图  2  呼伦贝尔市大豆种植水热综合适宜度区划

    Figure  2.  The regionalization of comprehensive hydrothermal suitability for soybean cultivation in Hulun Buir

    图  3  呼伦贝尔市大豆气候适宜度区划(a)与≥10 ℃积温区划(b)对比图

    Figure  3.  The comparison of regionalization between climate suitability of soil (a) and ≥10 ℃ accumulated temperature (b) in Hulun Buir

    图  4  呼伦贝尔市大豆气候适宜度区划(a)与分级判别区划(b)对比图

    Figure  4.  The comparison of regionalization between climate suitability (a) and climate factors grading discrimination (b) of soybean in Hulun Buir

    表  1  大豆各生育阶段三基点温度指标

    Table  1.   The temperature indexes of three basis points at each growth phase of soybean

    发育期
    Growth phase
    最低气温
    Minimum air temperature
    最适气温
    Optimum temperature
    最高气温
    Maximum air temperature
    播种-出苗
    Sowing-seedling
    7 15 25
    出苗-分枝
    Seedling-branching
    12 22 30
    分枝-开花
    Branching-flowering
    17 27 32
    开花-鼓粒
    Flowering-seed filling
    13 25 30
    鼓粒-成熟
    Seed filling-maturity
    10 15 25
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  大豆各生育期理论需水量

    Table  2.   The theoretical water demand at each growth phase of soybean

    mm
    发育期
    Growth phase
    理论需水量
    Theoretical water demand
    播种-出苗Sowing-seedling 26.9
    出苗-分枝Seedling-branching 95.7
    分枝-开花Branching-flowering 18.9
    开花-鼓粒Flowering-seed filling 222.3
    鼓粒-成熟Seed filling-maturity 186.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  呼伦贝尔地区大豆各生育期气候适宜度权重系数

    Table  3.   The weight coefficients of climate suitability for each growth phase of soybean in Hulun Buir region

    发育期Growth phase (j) bj bjt bjr
    播种-出苗
    Sowing-seedling
    0.082 5 0.038 5 0.038 5
    出苗-分枝
    Seedling-branching
    0.142 7 0.058 8 0.071 4
    分枝-开花
    Branching-flowering
    0.218 2 0.026 4 0.166 7
    开花-鼓粒
    Flowering-seed filling
    0.501 8 0.115 2 0.309 3
    鼓粒-成熟
    Seed filling-maturity
    0.054 9 0.034 7 0.014 3
    bj为该发育期在整个生育期的权重系数; bjt为该发育期温度的权重系数; bjr为该发育期降水的权重系数。bj: weight coefficient of the growth phase j relative to the whole growth period; bjt: weight coefficient of temperature of the growth phase j; bjr: weight coefficient of precipitation in of the growth phase j.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  呼伦贝尔市各地大豆气候适宜度平均值及适宜度分析(1987-2016)

    Table  4.   The analysis of average climate suitability of soybean of each meteorological station in Hulun Buir (1987-2016)

    站名
    Station
    温度适宜度
    Temperature suitability
    降水适宜度
    Precipitation suitability
    水热综合适宜度
    Comprehensive hydrothermal suitability
    适宜度分析
    Suitability analysis
    扎兰屯市
    Zhalantun City
    0.791 0 0.664 5 0718 4 水热综合适宜度为0.574 9~0.866 1; 1995年和2016年低于0.6由于干旱造成降水适宜度偏小。
    The comprehensive hydrothermal suitability was 0.574 9-0.866 1. In 1995 and 2016 it was below 0.6 due to low precipitation suitability caused by drought.
    阿荣旗
    Arongqi
    0.795 1 0.668 4 0.700 3 水热综合适宜度为0.559 1~0.871 5; 1989年、1996年、2006年和2016年低于0.6, 由于干旱造成降水适宜度偏小; 1992年鼓粒成熟期热量不足造成温度适宜度偏小。
    The comprehensive hydrothermal suitability was 0.559 1-0.871 5. In 1989, 1996, 2006 and 2016, it was below 0.6 due to low precipitation suitability caused by drought. In 1992, temperature suitability was low due to insufficient heat at seed filling and mature stages.
    莫力达瓦旗
    Molidawaqi
    0.771 3 0.649 5 0.690 0 水热综合适宜度为0.556 0~0.878 8, 低于0.6的年份为1989年、1992年、1995年和2016年, 由于干旱造成降水适宜度偏小; 1992年由于鼓粒成熟期热量不足造成温度适宜度偏小。
    The comprehensive hydrothermal suitability was 0.556 0-0.878 8. In 1989, 1992, 1995 and 2016, it was below 0.6 due to low precipitation suitability caused by drought. In 1992, temperature suitability was low due to insufficient heat at seed filling and mature stages.
    海拉尔区
    Hailar Region
    0.406 7 0.557 5 0.355 3 30年中由于气温和降水不满足大豆生长发育的年份为14年, 占47.6%。
    In the past 30 years, there were 14 years when temperature and precipitation were not meet the demands of soybean growth.
    满洲里市
    Manzhouli City
    0.376 9 0.461 4 0.320 5 30年中由于气温和降水不满足大豆生长发育的年份为14年, 占47.6%。
    In the past 30 years, there were 14 years when temperature and precipitation were not meet the demands of soybean growth.
    鄂温克旗
    Ewenkeqi
    0.385 2 0.508 2 0.341 9 30年中由于气温和降水不满足大豆生长发育的年份为14年, 占47.6%。
    In the past 30 years, there were 14 years when temperature and precipitation were not meet the demands of soybean growth.
    陈巴尔虎旗
    Chenba’erhuqi
    0.487 6 0.514 0 0.410 7 30年中由于气温和降水不满足大豆生长发育的年份为14年, 占47.6%。
    In the past 30 years, there were 14 years when temperature and precipitation were not meet the demands of soybean growth.
    新巴尔虎左旗
    Xinba’erhuzuoqi
    0.562 3 0.399 2 0.395 5 30年中由于气温和降水不满足大豆生长发育的年份为10年, 占33.3%。
    In the past 30 years, there were 10 years when temperature and precipitation were not meet the demands of soybean growth.
    新巴尔虎右旗
    Xinba’erhuyouqi
    0.630 3 0.327 2 0.379 4 30年中由于气温和降水不满足大豆生长发育的年份为10年, 占33.3%。
    In the past 30 years, there were 10 years when temperature and precipitation were not meet the demands of soybean growth.
    根河市
    Genhe City
    0.139 3 0.656 6 0.158 4 30年中有20年不满足大豆生长发育, 占66.7%, 均为温度适宜度不足。
    In the past 30 years, 20 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability.
    额尔古纳市
    E’erguna City
    0.357 4 0.572 0 0.301 9 30年中有15年不满足大豆生长发育, 占50.0%, 均为温度适宜度不足。
    In the past 30 years, 15 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability.
    鄂伦春旗
    Elunchunqi
    0.413 4 0.721 7 0.455 5 30年中有9年不满足大豆生长发育, 占30.0%, 均为温度适宜度不足。
    In the past 30 years, 9 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability.
    牙克石市
    Yakeshi City
    0.294 4 0.537 5 0.248 2 30年中有17年不满足大豆生长发育, 占56.7%, 均为温度适宜度不足。
    In the past 30 years, 15 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability.
    博克图镇
    Boketu Town
    0.202 5 0.653 1 0.178 8 30年中有20年不满足大豆生长发育, 占66.7%, 均为温度适宜度不足。
    In the past 30 years, 20 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability.
    图里河镇
    Tulihe Town
    0.076 5 0.651 9 0.096 5 30年中有23年不满足大豆生长发育, 占76.7%, 均为温度适宜度不足。
    In the past 30 years, 23 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability.
    小二沟镇
    Xiao’ergou Town
    0.513 8 0.672 6 0.498 6 30年中有8年不满足大豆生长发育条件, 约占26.7%, 均为温度适宜度不足; 但综合适宜度大于0.6的年份有18年, 约占60.0%。
    In the past 30 years, 8 years were not suitable for soybean growth due to low temperature suitability. But in 18 years the comprehensive hydrothermal suitability was over 0.6.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  呼伦贝尔市大豆气候适宜度与地理信息的三元线性模型

    Table  5.   The ternary linear prediction models of climate suitability of soybean and geographic information in Hulun Buir

    气候适宜度
    Climate suitability
    方程Equation R
    温度适宜度
    Temperature suitability
    Y=8.708 7-0.039 6E-0.058 5N-0.001 1H 0.990 5
    降水适宜度
    Precipitation suitability
    Y=-5.808 6+0.048 3E+0.009 8N+0.000 1H 0.945 5
    水热综合适宜度Comprehensive hydrothermal suitability Y=4.363 7-0.011 2E-0.043 8N-0.000 9H 0.989 9
    方程中E为经度, N为纬度, H为海拔高度。E is longitude, N is latitudes, and H is altitude in the equations.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-04
  • 录用日期:  2018-03-19
  • 刊出日期:  2018-07-01

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