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半岛丘陵区城市周边永久基本农田划定研究——以山东省海阳市为例

张雅芹 闫弘文 赵贤锋 孙世清

张雅芹, 闫弘文, 赵贤锋, 孙世清. 半岛丘陵区城市周边永久基本农田划定研究——以山东省海阳市为例[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(7): 1080-1088. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171003
引用本文: 张雅芹, 闫弘文, 赵贤锋, 孙世清. 半岛丘陵区城市周边永久基本农田划定研究——以山东省海阳市为例[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(7): 1080-1088. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171003
ZHANG Yaqin, YAN Hongwen, ZHAO Xianfeng, SUN Shiqing. Permanent prime farmland demarcation in city periphery in peninsula hill areas: A case of Haiyang City in Shandong Province[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(7): 1080-1088. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171003
Citation: ZHANG Yaqin, YAN Hongwen, ZHAO Xianfeng, SUN Shiqing. Permanent prime farmland demarcation in city periphery in peninsula hill areas: A case of Haiyang City in Shandong Province[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(7): 1080-1088. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171003

半岛丘陵区城市周边永久基本农田划定研究——以山东省海阳市为例

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.171003
基金项目: 

山东省海阳市政府采购项目 HYHAYT2016-486

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张雅芹, 研究方向为土地评估规划与开发整理。E-mail:2366479731@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    闫弘文, 研究方向为土地评估规划与开发整理。E-mail:preyan@163.com

  • 中图分类号: F301.24

Permanent prime farmland demarcation in city periphery in peninsula hill areas: A case of Haiyang City in Shandong Province

Funds: 

the Procurement Project of the Haiyang Municipal Government, Shandong Province, China HYHAYT2016-486

More Information
  • 摘要: 基本农田红线是土地利用总体规划“三线”划定的重中之重,城市周边永久基本农田的划定是基本农田红线划定工作中的难点。本研究以半岛丘陵区山东省海阳市为例,以“三线”协同划定的思想为切入点,采用生态优先、建设用地严格举证、优质耕地尽量划入永久基本农田和市场配置资源的思路,将生态安全网络构建、建设用地适宜性评价、耕地质量综合评价等多种方法有机结合,并对土地评价和立地分析(LESA)方法进行改进,通过Arcgis空间分析功能,综合划定海阳市城市周边永久基本农田。结果表明:1)生态安全网络中耕地面积为12.11 hm2,优先建设区与重点建设区中已举证的耕地面积为154.99 hm2,此部分耕地均不适宜划入永久基本农田。2)根据耕地综合质量分值将耕地划分为4个等级,其中,优先划入型和适宜划入型耕地,自然质量和立地条件均比较优越,可划定为永久基本农田,重点调控型和后备资源型耕地则不宜划入;其中优先划入型耕地面积为458.05 hm2,将其中427.82 hm2划入永久基本农田,适宜划入型耕地面积为771.83 hm2,将其中500.67 hm2划入永久基本农田。3)划定后城市周边永久基本农田面积1 305.22 hm2,新划入永久基本农田的耕地面积为928.49 hm2,占城市周边耕地总面积的60.26%,永久基本农田保护率提高了42.66%,永久基本农田中耕地的国家利用等平均值(9.04)高于全市耕地平均利用等别(9.56),且坡度均低于15°。4)城市周边生态安全用地、永久基本农田、建设用地空间布局更加优化,有利于城市的有序发展和土地的可持续利用。本研究采用基于改进的LESA评价方法,并综合考虑生态安全用地、永久基本农田和建设用地的空间布局,丰富了永久基本农田划定方法,达到了海阳市城市周边永久基本农田划定目标;同时研究结果具有较强的实用性,为海阳市永久基本农田的保护和土地利用总体规划“三线”划定工作提供了科学依据。
  • 图  1  海阳市城市周边生态安全网络布局

    Figure  1.  Ecological security network layout of city periphery in Haiyang City

    图  2  海阳市城市周边建设用地适宜性评价分区

    Figure  2.  Zoning map of construction land suitability evaluation in city periphery of Haiyang City

    图  3  海阳市城市周边耕地自然质量(a)、立地条件(b)、土地评价和立地分析(LESA) (c)分值图

    Figure  3.  Score graphs of natural quality (a), site conditions (b), land evaluation and site assessment (LESA) (c) of cultivated land in city periphery of Haiyang City

    图  4  海阳市城市周边永久基本农田空间布局

    Figure  4.  Permanent prime farmland layout of city periphery of Haiyang City

    表  1  海阳市建设用地适宜性评价指标体系

    Table  1.   Index system of construction land suitability evaluation in Haiyang City

    因子类型
    Factor type
    因子
    Factor
    类型
    Type
    适宜性分值
    Suitability score
    权重
    Weight
    强限制性因子
    Strong restrictive factors
    现状基本农田
    Current prime farmland
    是Yes 0
    否No 1
    生态红线
    Ecological red line
    是Yes 0
    否No 1
    行洪通道
    Flood discharge channel
    是Yes 0
    否No 1
    采空塌陷
    Goaf collapse
    严重区Serious area 0
    非严重区Non-serious area 1
    较强限制性因子
    Secondary strong restrictive factors
    一般农用地
    General agriculture land
    高于平均等Above average 60 0.32
    低于平均等Below average 80
    园地、林地、人工草地
    Garden, woodland, artificial grassland
    90
    其他Others 100
    坡度
    Slope (°)
    > 15 40 0.30
    8~15 60
    2~8 80
    < 2 100
    突发地质灾害
    Emergency geological hazard
    高High 40 0.20
    中Medium 60
    低Low 80
    无None 100
    土地利用综合分区
    Land use comprehensive zoning
    一般乡镇General township 50 0.18
    重点乡镇Important township 70
    城区City 90
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  海阳市耕地自然质量评价指标体系

    Table  2.   Index system of cultivated land natural quality evaluation in Haiyang City

    目标层
    Aim layer
    准则层
    Criteria layer
    计算方法
    Calculation method
    因素作用分
    Factor action score
    权重
    Weight
    自然条件
    Natural conditions
    有效土层厚度
    Effective soil thickness (cm)
    农用地质量分等规程
    Regulation for gradation on agriculture land quality
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.30
    表层土壤质地
    Topsoil texture
    农用地质量分等规程
    Regulation for gradation on agriculture land quality
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.10
    障碍层次
    Barrier level (cm)
    农用地质量分等规程
    Regulation for gradation on agriculture land quality
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.10
    土壤有机质含量
    Soil organic matter content (g·kg-1)
    农用地质量分等规程
    Regulation for gradation on agriculture land quality
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.06
    地形坡度
    Terrain slope (°)
    农用地质量分等规程
    Regulation for gradation on agriculture land quality
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.21
    灌溉保证率
    Irrigation guarantee rate (%)
    农用地质量分等规程
    Regulation for gradation on agriculture land quality
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.23
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  海阳市耕地立地条件评价指标体系

    Table  3.   Index system of cultivated land site condition assessment in Haiyang City

    目标层
    Aim layer
    准则层
    Criteria layer
    指标层
    Index layer
    计算方法
    Calculation method
    因素作用分
    Factor action score
    权重
    Weight
    立地条件
    Site conditions
    区位条件
    Location conditions
    耕地到交通主干道距离
    Distance of arable land to main road
    GIS缓冲分析
    GIS buffering analysis
    Fi=1001-r (r=di/d) 0.13
    耕地到中心城镇距离
    Distance of arable land to central town
    GIS缓冲分析
    GIS buffering analysis
    Fi=1001-r (r=di/d) 0.14
    耕地到农村居民点的距离
    Distance of arable land to village
    GIS缓冲分析
    GIS buffering analysis
    Fi=1001-r (r=di/d) 0.12
    耕作条件
    Tillage conditions
    耕地连片性
    Extent of arable land connectivity
    GIS缓冲分析
    GIS buffering analysis
    Fi=100[(Ei-Emin)/(Emax-Emin)] 0.18
    农业结构调整可能性
    Possibility of agricultural restructure
    GIS叠加分析
    GIS overlay analysis
    分级赋分Grading assignment 0.11
    耕地斑块形状指数
    Index of arable land shape
    Esi=4S1/2/L Fi=100[(Esi-Esimin)/(Esimax-Esimin)] 0.15
    生态条件
    Ecological conditions
    生态安全程度
    Extent of ecological security
    GIS叠加分析
    GIS overlay analysis
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.09
    地质灾害易发程度
    Geological hazard susceptibility
    GIS叠加分析
    GIS overlay analysis
    分级赋分
    Grading assignment
    0.08
      Fi为因子i的作用分值, r为相对距离, di为单元距扩散源的实际距离, d为扩散源的影响半径, Ei为缓冲后耕地图斑面积, Esi为耕地斑块形状指数, S为评价单元耕地图斑面积, L为评价单元耕地图斑周长; EsiminEsimax为耕地斑块形状指数的最小值和最大值。Fi is the effect score of factor i; r is the relative distance; di is the actual distance of the unit from the diffusion source; d is the impact radius of the diffusion source; Ei is the area of cultivated land after buffering; Esi is the morphological index of cultivated land; S is the cultivated land area of the evaluation unit; L is the cultivated land perimeter of the evaluation unit; Esimin and Esimax are the minimum and maximum values of the morphological index of cultivated land.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  海阳市城市周边建设用地适宜性评价分区统计

    Table  4.   Zoning statistics of construction land suitability evaluation in city periphery of Haiyang City

    建设用地类型Construction land type 地块面积Land area (hm2) 面积比例Area ratio (%)
    禁止建设区Forbidden construction region 1 414.65 19.59
    限制建设区Limited construction region 803.66 11.13
    扩展建设区Extended construction region 920.99 12.76
    重点建设区Important construction region 3 047.95 42.22
    优先建设区Priority construction region 1 032.65 14.30
    合计Total 7 219.90 100.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  海阳市耕地土地评价和立地分析(LESA)综合评价结果及类型划分

    Table  5.   Comprehensive evaluation results and type classification of land evaluation and site assessment (LESA) in city periphery of Haiyang City

    耕地类型Cultivated land type LESA 地块面积Land area (hm2) 面积比例Area ratio (%)
    优先划入型Priority area 81.96~93.63 458.05 25.59
    适宜划入型Suitable area 75.38~81.95 771.83 43.12
    重点调控型Controlled area 68.94~75.37 464.44 25.94
    后备资源型Reserved area 55.63~68.93 95.73 5.35
    总计Total 1 790.04 100.00
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-11-04
  • 录用日期:  2018-02-05
  • 刊出日期:  2018-07-01

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