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土壤有机碳稳定性影响因素的研究进展

徐嘉晖 孙颖 高雷 崔晓阳

徐嘉晖, 孙颖, 高雷, 崔晓阳. 土壤有机碳稳定性影响因素的研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(2): 222-230. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.170627
引用本文: 徐嘉晖, 孙颖, 高雷, 崔晓阳. 土壤有机碳稳定性影响因素的研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2018, 26(2): 222-230. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.170627
XU Jiahui, SUN Ying, GAO Lei, CUI Xiaoyang. A review of the factors influencing soil organic carbon stability[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(2): 222-230. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.170627
Citation: XU Jiahui, SUN Ying, GAO Lei, CUI Xiaoyang. A review of the factors influencing soil organic carbon stability[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2018, 26(2): 222-230. doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.170627

土壤有机碳稳定性影响因素的研究进展

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.170627
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金重点项目 41330530

国家“十三五”重点研发计划项目 2016YFA0600803

详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐嘉晖, 主要研究方向为森林土壤碳循环。E-mail:897475390@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    崔晓阳, 主要研究方向为森林土壤生态学。E-mail:c_xiaoyang@126.com

  • 中图分类号: S154.1

A review of the factors influencing soil organic carbon stability

Funds: 

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 41330530

the National Key Research and Development Program of China 2016YFA0600803

More Information
  • 摘要: 增加土壤碳汇是应对全球气候变化的有效措施,作为土壤碳汇来源之一的有机碳在其中发挥重要作用。过去几十年,土壤有机碳的分子结构性质被认为是预测有机碳在土壤中循环的主要标准。然而最近的研究结果表明有机碳的分子结构并非绝对地控制着土壤有机碳的稳定,而土壤环境因子与有机碳的相互作用显著降低了土壤有机碳被降解的可能性。土壤微生物不仅参与有机碳的降解,其产物本身也是土壤有机碳的重要组成成分。非生物因子直接或间接地控制着土壤有机碳的稳定,包括土壤中的无机颗粒、无机环境以及养分状况等。其中,有机碳与土壤矿物的吸附作用和土壤团聚体的闭蓄作用被普遍认为高效地保护了有机碳。土壤矿物的吸附作用取决于其自身的矿物学性质和有机碳的化学性质。土壤团聚体在保护有机碳的同时也促进了有机碳与矿物的吸附,而有机-矿物络合物同样可以参与形成团聚体。此外,土壤无机环境也影响着有机碳循环。总之,土壤有机碳的稳定取决于有机碳与周围环境的相互作用。同时,有机碳的结构性质也受控于环境因素。然而,无论有机碳的结构性质,还是其所处的生物与非生物环境,都是生态系统的基本属性,且各属性间相互影响、相互作用。因此,土壤有机碳的稳定是生态系统的一种特有性质。
  • 表  1  土壤有机碳分子结构性质的历史观点与新发现

    Table  1.   Historical views and emerging findings about the molecular structure of soil organic carbon

    化合物
    Compound
    历史观点
    Historical views
    最新发现
    Emerging findings
    糖类/蛋白质
    Carbohydrate /
    protein
    糖类和蛋白质通常在土壤中被迅速降解, 因为它们的分子结构不稳定
    Carbohydrates and proteins are usually rapidly decomposed due to their labile molecules
    糖类与蛋白质可与土壤中无机颗粒络合而得以保存[8, 17]
    Carbohydrates and proteins can preserve in soils through association with inorganic soil particles
    木质素
    Lignin
    由于木质素具有大量的芳香结构和不可水解的化学键而稳定固持于土壤中
    Lignin persists in soils because of its abundance of aromatic structures and non-hydrolyzable bonds
    环境条件适宜时, 木质素将被迅速降解[8, 18]
    Under favorable conditions, lignin can be mineralized within a relatively short period
    黑碳
    Black carbon
    黑碳具有高度浓缩的芳香结构, 可在土壤中长期固持, 甚至上千年
    Black carbon can persist in soils with an exceedingly long time, up to millennia due to its highly condensed aromatic structures
    黑碳的稳定受控于环境条件, 可能并没有之前认为的那么稳定[15, 19]
    The persistence of black carbon is a function of environmental conditions and is much more labile than previous understanding
    腐殖质
    Humus
    腐殖质的抗性源于复杂的芳香结构
    Persistence of humus results from complex, aromatic structures
    环境条件的变化可能导致腐殖质的降解[15]
    Environmental variables may control the degradation of humus
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-07-10
  • 录用日期:  2017-09-15
  • 刊出日期:  2018-02-01

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