刘伟, 农凤篇, 韦敬楠, 张振宇, 张立中, 付艳华. 不同类型中药材种植农户绿色生产行为绩效差异研究−基于赤峰市中药材种植户调查数据的实证分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2024, 32(4): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230681
引用本文: 刘伟, 农凤篇, 韦敬楠, 张振宇, 张立中, 付艳华. 不同类型中药材种植农户绿色生产行为绩效差异研究−基于赤峰市中药材种植户调查数据的实证分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2024, 32(4): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230681
LIU W, NONG F P, WEI J N, ZHANG Z Y, ZHANG L Z, FU Y H. Performance differences of green production behavior among different types of traditional Chinese medicinal herb cultivators: an empirical analysis based on survey data in Chifeng City[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2024, 32(4): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230681
Citation: LIU W, NONG F P, WEI J N, ZHANG Z Y, ZHANG L Z, FU Y H. Performance differences of green production behavior among different types of traditional Chinese medicinal herb cultivators: an empirical analysis based on survey data in Chifeng City[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2024, 32(4): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230681

不同类型中药材种植农户绿色生产行为绩效差异研究基于赤峰市中药材种植户调查数据的实证分析

Performance differences of green production behavior among different types of traditional Chinese medicinal herb cultivators: an empirical analysis based on survey data in Chifeng City

  • 摘要: 农户绿色生产行为是顺应农业绿色发展的必然要求。本文采用数据包络分析(DEA)及倾向得分匹配法(PSM), 选取860份赤峰市中药材种植农户微观调研数据, 基于农户分化视角探讨中药材种植农户绿色生产行为生产绩效差异问题。结果表明: 首先, 中药材种植农户实施绿色生产行为有助于生产绩效的提升, 但不同类型中药材种植农户间存在差异, 其全样本平均生产绩效为0.75, 生存型农户最低, 为0.65, 生产型农户最高, 为0.82, 生活型农户和功能型农户较为接近, 分别为0.80和0.79; 其次, 从平均处理效应(ATT)计算结果看, 中药材种植农户实施绿色生产行为可以增加生产绩效、总产量和总产值; 再次, 绿色生产行为对不同类型中药材种植农户生产绩效的提升作用存在群体差异, 其中生存型、生活型农户实施绿色生产行为对生产绩效影响不显著, 功能型、生产型农户则具有显著影响, 但生产型农户呈现负向影响。因此, 要强化农户绿色生产行为实施力度, 提高不同类型中药材种植农户绿色生产意识。另外应保护传统意义上的生存型和生活型农户, 强化生产型农户的减施力度, 培育功能型农户群体规模, 推动社会福利改善, 进而促进中药材产业绿色健康发展。

     

    Abstract: Green production behavior among farmers is essential for green agricultural development. This study used Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Propensity Score Matching (PSM) to analyze 860 micro-survey data points from traditional Chinese medicinal herb cultivators in Chifeng City to explore performance differences in green production behavior based on farmers’ differentiation. The results indicate that implementing green production behavior improves production performance, although some variations were observed among different types of farmers. The average production performance for the entire sample was 0.75, with subsistence farmers scoring the lowest at 0.65 and productive farmers scoring 0.82. Life-style farmers and functional farmers had similar scores of 0.80 and 0.79, respectively. Second, according to the Average Treatment Effect (ATT) results, farmers that implement green production behavior can increase their production performance, total output, and total output value. Third, group variations were observed in the impact of green production behavior on the production performance of different types of traditional Chinese medicinal herb cultivators. Production performance of subsistence and life-style farmers did not show a significant impact, while that of functional and productive farmers showed, with the production performance of productive farmers showing a negative impact. The conclusion is as follows: Traditional Chinese medicine farmers are divided and different types of farmers implement green production behavior to influence production performance; productive and functional farmers are the key to improving the green production performance of Chinese medicinal materials. Therefore, the implementation of farmers’ green production behavior must be strengthened, green production awareness must be raised, traditional subsistence and life-style farmers must be protected, productive farmers must be encouraged to reduce pesticide and fertilizer use, and the growth of functional farmers groups must be fostered to facilitate the high-quality development of the traditional Chinese medicinal herb industry and further improve social welfare.

     

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