高雅罕, 蒋振, 靳乐山. 秸秆综合利用生态补偿政策与农户秸秆还田行为[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2024, 32(4): 1−13. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230454
引用本文: 高雅罕, 蒋振, 靳乐山. 秸秆综合利用生态补偿政策与农户秸秆还田行为[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2024, 32(4): 1−13. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230454
GAO Y H, JIANG Z, JIN L S. Eco-compensation policy for comprehensive utilization of straw and households’ behavior of straw returning[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2024, 32(4): 1−13. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230454
Citation: GAO Y H, JIANG Z, JIN L S. Eco-compensation policy for comprehensive utilization of straw and households’ behavior of straw returning[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2024, 32(4): 1−13. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230454

秸秆综合利用生态补偿政策与农户秸秆还田行为

Eco-compensation policy for comprehensive utilization of straw and households’ behavior of straw returning

  • 摘要: 秸秆综合利用生态补偿旨在激励农户积极参与秸秆还田政策, 促进农业绿色发展, 然而秸秆综合利用生态补偿是否真的有助于农户进行秸秆还田尚不明确。鉴于此, 构建秸秆综合利用生态补偿与农户秸秆还田行为的理论分析框架, 探讨秸秆综合利用生态补偿对农户秸秆还田行为的影响与作用机制, 并利用湖北省黄冈市822份农户调查数据, 运用Binary Probit模型进行实证检验。结果表明: 1)秸秆综合利用生态补偿对农户秸秆还田行为有显著的正向影响; 其中, 补贴、监管和处罚均促进农户秸秆还田行为; 相较于监管和处罚, 补贴对农户秸秆还田行为有更明显的推动作用。2)作用机制发现, 农户内在感知在秸秆综合利用生态补偿对农户秸秆还田行为的影响中产生中介效应, 即秸秆综合利用生态补偿政策能够通过提高农户对秸秆还田技术的内在感知, 进而促进农户秸秆还田行为。3)农户社会资本在秸秆综合利用生态补偿与农户秸秆还田行为的关系中发挥正向调节作用, 即社会资本的提升能够进一步强化秸秆综合利用生态补偿政策对农户秸秆还田行为的推动作用。据此, 有必要建立健全秸秆综合利用生态补偿制度, 提高农户秸秆还田内在感知水平, 增强农户社会资本, 统筹提升农户采取秸秆还田行为的效果, 推动秸秆资源化利用和农业绿色高质量发展。

     

    Abstract: Eco-compensation for the comprehensive utilization of straw is designed to encourage households to actively participate in a government program on straw returning to cropland for green development of agriculture. However, there is no consensus on whether eco-compensation for comprehensive utilization of straw promotes households’ adoption of straw returning. This study explored the impact of eco-compensation for comprehensive utilization of straw on households’ adoption of straw returning, which is of great significance in solving the dilemma of repeated straw burning and realizing the development of green, low-carbon, and circular agriculture. Based on the Stimulus-Organism-Response model and the Motivation-Opportunity-Ability model, this study formulated an analysis framework of eco-compensation for comprehensive utilization of straw and households’ behavior of straw returning to explore the influence of eco-compensation, internal perception, and social capital on households’ straw returning behavior. In our empirical study, 822 households in Huanggang City, Hubei Province, were interviewed using a questionnaire. A Binary Probit model was used for empirical testing. The results showed that: 1) after considering the possible endogeneity and measurement errors caused by missing variables, eco-compensation for comprehensive utilization of straw had a significant positive impact on the straw-returning behavior of households. Specifically, subsidies played a more significant role in promoting straw-returning behavior by households than supervision and penalties. This conclusion was supported by the robustness tests. 2) Households’ internal perception produced a mediating effect on the impact of eco-compensation for comprehensive utilization of straw on the straw returning behavior. Namely, eco-compensation for the comprehensive utilization of straw promoted the straw returning behavior by households by improving the internal perception of straw-returning technology. 3) Household social capital had a positive moderating effect on the relationship between eco-compensation for comprehensive utilization of straw and household straw-returning behavior. Specifically, improvement in social capital further strengthened the promotion of eco-compensation for the comprehensive utilization of straw through straw return by households. The policy implication of our findings is that it is necessary to establish a sound eco-compensation system for the comprehensive utilization of straw, enhance households’ internal perception of straw returning, and improve households’ social capital, to promote the utilization of straw and high-quality development of agriculture.

     

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