“绿色革命”(Green Revolution)的发起人诺贝尔和平奖获得者Norman E.Borlaug提出了“蓝色革命——让每一滴水生产出更多粮食”(Blue Revolution-more crop for every drop)。结合目前我国水资源严重危机的现状和水资源治理调控的大政方针，提出我国进行蓝色革命的五大攻关方向，即开发空间云水资源，降水资源的涵养和调控，水资源的区域宏观调配，节水农业和生物节水。国内外在提高作物水分利用效率的研究方面，从遗传育种规律分析到基因定位再到转基因研究正在深入开展，简介了小麦水分利用效率生理遗传育种和分子标记方面的最新研究进展，指出21世纪的农业将是高技术高效益的农业，人类利用常规育种和转基因技术相结合，通过某些特定基因的高效表达培育出抗病虫、抗逆境、高效利用养分与水分、光能的优质优良品种。
Norman E. Borlaug, Nobel Prize Laureate for peace in 1970, suggested “Blue Revolution-more crop for every drop” in 1999. According to the situation of water resources and the strategy for regulating water stress in China, five stratagems of research and management for carrying out“Blue Revolution” were suggested such as exploring rainfall from atmosphere, conservation and regulation of rainfall, macroscopic regulation of water resources from different regions, water saving agriculture, biological water saving. The guick advances in study genetics and breeding of crop drought resistance and water use efficiency, especially in gene locating and transgenic crop are notable. Our new research advance in water use efficiency in wheat is also introduced. Finally, it is pointed out that agriculture in the 21st century will be of high technology and high efficiency,combining with traditional breeding and transgenic technology. More new good crop varieties will be brought out in future, that are characterized by good pest and disease resistance, unfavorable stress resistance, and efficient use of nutrition, water, solar energy.