Using surveying method,village and its relation with farmland productivity is comparatively analyzed in mountainous and hilly region,piedmont,low plain and coastal plain of south-center of Hebei province.Village distributions are almost constant during decades and village divisions are similar in different periods and regions. Courtyard areas are bigger in plains than in mountainous and hilly region due to landform influence. Used ratios of courtyards are lower,therefore courtyards have definite exploited potential in different regions. Villages changes are accord with farmland productivities from Taihangshan mountainous and hilly region to coastal plain. Village is very related with cultivated land,and Controlling village size and increasing village density is helpful to decrease cultivated radius and add agriculture labor productivity in traditional agriculture society.